R = R(A, B, C.)
6R) ?) ( 6R)
_ AA _ AB
[ 6A B,C. 6'3 A,C. ac A,B.
where AR, AA, AB, AC. are the absolute systematic errors of R, A, B, C.
AR, AA, AB, AC. are positive quantities.
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E xc ited S tate P roperties of 2-Naphthol
1 Introduc tion
The distribution of electrons around a molecule determines many of its properties. In
this experiment, we will study how the proton dissociation properties of 2-naphthol
change when light is used
Experimental results can be affected by three types of experimental errors, systematic errors,
random errors, and gross errors.
Systematic errors (Determinate Errors)
Systematic errors arise due to the method itself (method err
Heat Capacity Ratios for Gases
Thermodynamics is the study of the transformation of energy in a process which
occurs on a macroscopic level. The process can range from a biological reaction that is
closely related to our well-being or an in
Solid-Liquid Phase Diagram in a Two-Component System
The substances we encounter everyday are commonly mixtures of two or more
components. For example, brass is a mixture of copper and zinc, and dish-washing
detergent is a mixture of many c