1. Is news a mirror of reality?
No, it is a representation of the world, and all representations are selective.
2. Do journalists make decisions at random? Explain.
Most of the subjectivity in news is patterned and predictable rather than person
I n t ro
1. What is the moral of the Teddy Roosevelt story?
Moral of the Teddy Roosevelt story Journalists not only report reality but create i t. By
r eporting more on crime, the public believes that the city is being hit by a serious crime wave, even
What are the three zones of reporting described by scholar Daniel Hallin?
Culture and tradition specifies (likely unconsciously) when or how professional norms are treated.
Legitimate controversy a culturally sanctioned conflict, such as an issue on which
1. Duncan believes we live in what times today when it comes to science writing?
Very good times, as some of the best scientific writing is being put out in todays publications. But
he says that we also live in the worst of times (?)
2. Science wr
1. What is the argument about the population bomb? What is the instructors point here regarding
events versus increments?
The word bomb makes us think that population growth is a fast-coming event, that ends quickly.
However, population growth
1. How do newspapers make their money? What is the related point about circulation quality?
Newspapers make 80% of their money from advertising. EX. From book: the new York daily news was about to
go out of business, but the NYT wanted them to
1. What are the two common central observations about how news has changed since Watergate and
Political reporting has become mostly critical, even cynical.
Most critics view the product of news institutions as soft-news, a concoction
W hat has contributed to the perception that life has become propelled by mass
We are what we are because we were what we were. The present is explained by
w hat has happened in the past, and journalism chronicles our history. The grow
1. What do the left and right wings of American politics contend about news bias?
Left-wing observers say the mass media support corporate power, the military-industrial
complex, and the interests of the wealthiest slice of Americans. Right-wing
1. What is journalism?
The business or practice of producing and disseminating information about contemporary affairs
of general public interest and importance
2. What does Schudson claim about journalism and public inclusion?
Journalism is the
D uncan (part 1):
1. How many Americans cannot read a simple science story?
About 200 million. 40% of Americans do not believe in evolution, and 20% believe
t hat the sun orbits the earth.
2. Why is this dangerous?
People who are ignorant to science may b
Study Guide for CMN 142 Exam 2
How many Americans cannot read a simple science story?
About the 200 million Americans out there who cannot read a simple story in, say, Technology Review or
the New York Times science section and understand
Study Guide for CMN 142 Exam 3
What does the author claim about the quantity of fake news?
For the rest of us, were knee deep in the fake stuff and sinking fast. It comes at us from every quarter of
the mediaold and newnot just as satire but disguise