Chapter 1 Quiz
1. Developmental function refers to
changes in the form that development takes over time.
2. Vygotsky (1978) proposed a sociocultural view of development, emphasizing that development is guided by adults interacting with children in a
Infant Perception and Cognition
Two goals of this class (see syllabus) are
* to appreciate that there are many complex interconnected factors that influence and
account for human cognitive development and
* to become more familiar with s
LO Infant Perception and Cognition 3
Categorization and the Emergence of Words
Many theories about how humans acquire and organize information center on the process
There has been quite a lot of research exploring how cat
Memory, Part 1
Memory is central to cognition and cognitive development
Memory is a fundamental capacity
Our memories form the basis for
Historically - believed that children under three or four years were not
able to form stab
Memory, Part 2, LO
III. Neurodevelopment and Memory
A. Historical perspective
1. Mid 1980s: mechanisms for long term storage of information (limbic
system), not functional during first 2 years of life (Mishkin especially known for this
LO: THEORIES ABOUT HOW CHILDRENS THINKING DEVELOPS
A BIG ISSUES
How much is in-born
How much emerges from experience
How do the representation and understanding of information change over time as the
Historical view: Tabula
Psychology 141/HDE 101
THEORY OF MIND
Childrens conceptual knowledge changes and develops after infancy
In infancy evidence that some behaviors are innate
Facial imitation enabled by mirror neurons
Sensitivity to qua
PSC 141/HDE 101
QUESTIONS ON INFANTILE AMNESIA and on THE DEVLEOPMENT OF MENTAL STRATEGIES
Be prepared to discuss Infantile autism and the development of memory strategies on Tuesday
Questions about Infantile Autism pp 314-318
REVIEW QUESTIONS/STUDY GUIDE:
Did you get the main points? Can you answer these questions about the brain?
Which comes first, synaptogenesis or synaptic pruning?
How does myelination aid thinking and processing information?
What do brain imaging
Try This: Data Analysis of Early Language
Look at the following sets of data. For each set, determine which child seems to be more
linguistically advanced and answer the questions below.
Mother offers Andrew a bite of avocado, which he has nev
PSC 141/HDE 101
Directions for Poster and Essay Assignment
An important part of PSC 141/HDE 101 is the writing assignment. This is
designed to help you develop skills in writing for the social sciences and to introduce you
to poster prese
Psychology 141: Cognitive Development
Tuesdays & Thursdays 1:40 3:00, 6 Wellman Hall
Instructor: Anne Dunlea, Ph.D.
Office: 165B Young Hall
Office Hours: Tuesday: 11:30 1:00 and by appointment
Informal: most Thursdays after
PSC041 Fall 2015
Worksheet 1 Introduction
A) Null and research hypothesis (2 pts):
A1: Not a null hypothesis (-1)
A2: Not an research hypothesis (-1)
A3: Hypotheses written as questions (-1)
A4: Not a good hypothesis bec
Psychology 141/HDE 101 (Fall 2015)
Poster Evaluation Form
(student fill out top part)
Your Name: _
Title of Article: _
SUBMIT PHOTOGRAPH OF POSTER and COPIES OF POSTER MATERIAL
WITH THIS SHEET TO SMARTSITE ASSIGNMENTS
Dunlea: PSC 141/HDE 101
Abstract Submission Form
Submit this form to SmartSite Assignments along with a copy of the abstract from
the article you have selected. Please, do not submit the entire article, just the abstrac
PSC 141/HDE 101
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2
1. Whats covered?
Covers all the lectures, Power Points, supplemental readings and assigned
textbook readings indicated on the syllabus since Poster Sessions. These are dates 11/3
12/1, plus 10/15 & 10/22 on
Data Analysis of Early Language
Mother offers Andrew a bite of avocado, which he has never tried before. Andrew takes
the piece, tastes it then spits it out.
Andrew: I no like it. Negative interrupts the nuclear sentence
THE NATURE OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT:
SOME FINAL COMMENTS
Looking at major themes of this course
To recognize characteristics of childrens thinking and appreciate that there are complex
interconnected factors that influence and account for cogni
Once learned, children can transfer to a new situation.
o Difficult at first, but can be taught.
Understanding of Physical Causality and Laws:
Causal Understanding: Understanding of the causal transformations of familiar ob
Young Childrens Differentiation of Hypothetical Beliefs from Evidence:
o Young elementary age children (1t and 2nd graders)
o Can they test a hypothesis, can they differentiate between conclusive/inconclusive
o Young children t
Eimas and Quinn (1994):
Experiment 1: Investigating exclusiveness of categorical representations for animals.
48 infants, split into 2 groupsone familiarized with pictures of horses, and one with
pictures of cats.
A small but significant reduct
Zone of Proximal Development Example:
Consider the joint activity of a 4-year-old and his mother, who assists him with a puzzle.
o Sammy: I cant get this one in. (Tries to insert a piece in the wrong place)
Mother: Which piece might go d
Language is defined as systematic and conventional use of sounds, signs, or written
symbols used to communicate or self-express.
Seven Major Functions of Language:
o Instrumental: Im hungry, Milk!
PRESENTATION: Memory Strategies in Children
TL;DR: Age-dependent developmental differences affect memory performance and with
age and experience children are more likely to use various methods that prove effective.
Types of Memory:
February 4th 2016:
my notes= purple
Presentation in class: when the separation btwn sessions was 3 days or less, the
second session was integrated first
-time window for integrating session 2 with sessions 1 shuts after 3 da
Larger Questions about Piagets Theory:
Are there stages of cognitive development?
Issues of clarity and accuracy.
Some new findings:
o Deferred ImitationChildrens Recall of Procedural Examples seen earlier than
o Object Perman
Information Processing Theories:
Cases Non-Piagetian Theory:
o Accepts Piagets stages but views change with each, as well as movement from
one stage to the next, as due to increases in information processing capacity.
Working Memory and Automati
Cognitive Developmentan Overview:
Cognition and Cognitive Development:
o Cognition: The act of knowing; all mental activity. The mental process or faculty
by which knowledge is acquired. How we know, understand, and think.
o Cognitive Development:
Basic Theories of Cognitive Development:
Structural Approach: Schemas and Structures
o Piaget Cognitive development refers to the fact that with age, childrens
schemas become reorganized into more sophisticated structures.
Perceptual development 2
Due *Friday by 5 pm: Scott & Monesson summary
Paper topic due today, 5 pm. Upload 2 files:
1. doc/docx file of paragraph about topic & 2. pdf of article you found
1 article must be from the list of
Piaget quiz on Canvas due by 5 pm today
Discussion assignment example will be posted
If you object to your anonymous (good) writing being
displayed, please let me know
Questions about APA style?
Plasticity & poverty
Today: PerceptionVisual Dev
Biological bases of development
Picture & Baillargeon assignment due today, 5 pm
Tuesday required reading: Scott & Monesson
APA Resource readings posted
Progress on paper topics
Biological bases of developmen
Theoretical approaches to development:
Core Knowledge &
Piaget quiz posted, due January 24, 5 pm
Open notes & book (look at the book), no collaborating
Questions about Intro assignment?
Dynamic systems no longer covering (p. 1
Professor Graf Estes
Welcome to Cognitive Development!
What is the course about?
How does the class work?
Syllabus & course basics: readings, assignments,