Early Jazz: King Oliver, Stride Piano, Jelly Roll
Life in New Orleans at the Beginning of the 20th Century:
Great need for the entertainment of live music. Local bands sponsored by churches, clubs,
businesses. Great demand for musici
Review ( also see text pp. 12-14)
Meter: regular. Divides undifferentiated pulses into regularly
recurring units. ex. 4/4 = four beats per measure (bar),
quarter note gets 1 beat.
Tempo: the speed at which the unit of meter (usually the quarter
Origins of Jazz: Gospel and Blues
Jazz arose around the turn of the 20th century in the Southern U.S. New
Orleans, LA (also Memphis, TN and other cities).
Its a mixture of many different strains of music.
West African influences:
Music for entire
Review (also see text p. 15)
Blue Notes can mean:
1. flat 3, flat 5, flat 7 altered tones from major scale AND/OR
2. notes played between the cracks expressive, bluesy
West End Blues
Bessie Smith (1894-1937), Blues Singer
Origins of Jazz: New Orleans, Ragtime and the Roots of Jazz:
History of New Orleans
Built by French in 1718. Slaves first brought in 1719.
Much intermingling of various cultures: French, Spanish, African, British, etc.
Creoles: offspring of whi