The first great insect radiation is correlated with the
evolution of wings and took place in the Carboniferous
about 345 million years ago. Insects had the air to
themselves until pterosaurs evolved (280 mya); birds
did not evolve until 150 mya.
Comparati
Lecture 28 Bilateria
introduction to Bilateria
introduction to Protostomes
brief description of flatworms
Students should be able to:
describe the major features of bilaterians
describe the two major clades within Bilateria
outline the distinguishing de
Limb Loss in Reptiles
Anthony and Marie. Station F
Why?
Lab 6: Plants evolved based on their different
environmental conditions to optimize resources.
Animals, Reptiles in particular do the same thing.
The earliest limbless to limb-reduced tetrapods ar
Jack Gordon
Joseluis Hernandez
! Homologous or Homoplausy?
! Spines are a homoplasius trait, that have converged in many animals and plants to be a
defense mecahnism but have other modified purpopses such as camoflauge, signaling,
and sensing.
Porcupine F
Plants and Pollinators
Station D
Topics
Angiosperms and mutualistic relationship with animal pollinators
Orchid speciation
Shift in animal pollinator
Specific requirements to pollinate specific orchids
Mutualism between insects and orchids
Orchids have ev
Lecture 12: Eukaryotes: life
cycles, endosymbiosis
Lecture 13:Eukaryote diversity
(last lecture on Midterm 1)
Lecture 14: Plants
This organism was the
common ancestor of all
modern eukaryotes.
It gave rise to the major
lines of descent within
eukaryotes.
Lecture 22: Fungi II
BIS 2C
BIS 2C
BIODIVERSITY
BIODIVERSITY AND AND
THE TREE OF LIFE
THE
TREE
SUMMER
2013OF LIFE
Lecture 1:
Lecture 22/23:
Introduction
Fungi II
1
Where we are going and where we have been
Previous lecture:
21: Intro to Fungi
Current L
Lecture 29: Arthropoda I
BIS 2C
BIS 2C
BIODIVERSITY
BIODIVERSITY AND AND
THE TREE OF LIFE
THE
TREE
SUMMER
2013OF LIFE
Lecture 1:
Lecture 29:
Introduction
Arthropoda I
2
Where we are going and where we have been
Previous lecture:
28: Annelida, Platyhelmi
Lecture 21: Intro to Fungi
BIS 2C
BIS 2C
BIODIVERSITY
BIODIVERSITY AND AND
THE TREE OF LIFE
THE
TREE
SUMMER
2013OF LIFE
Lecture 1:
Lecture 21:
Introduction
Intro to Fungi
1
Where we are going and where we have been
Previous lecture:
20: Angiosperm Diver
Pre-17 Problem Set F (Parabolas / Circles / Exponential Growth)
For problems 1 4, sketch both graphs on the same set of axes and find the point(s) of intersection.
3x 4 y 24
f (x) x 2 6x 8
1)
2)
5x 4 y 8
g(x) x 2
3)
f (x) x 2 4x
g(x) x 2 6
4)
x 2 y 2 10
y
Sample First Sentences of the Summary
1. In the article What does the food you eat says about your host? Highcontext communication in practice, Anne-Marie describes her experience at
a friends wedding in Ghana.
2. In the reading, "What does the food you e
Pre 16 HW #7 Name: SOLUTIONS
You may print this page out and turn it in,
or do the following on your own paper.
For #1 - #8 nd the domain of each function, then write your answer in either inequality form or interval notation.
1. f(x)=32_xx 2. M(t)=\/3t+4
Pre-17 I (Graphing Rational Functions)
*Recall if f ( x ) f ( x) , then f ( x ) is odd, and if f ( x) f ( x ) , then f ( x ) is even.
Without graphing, use the above definitions to decide whether f ( x ) is odd, even, or neither.
1) f (x)
x
2
x 1
4) f (x
*This is homework I wrote in a different quarter.
Pre 16 - HW #7
For #1 - #8 find the domain of each function, then write your answer in either inequality form or interval notation.
1.
f ( x)
2x
3 x
2.
M (t) 3t 4
3.
p ( x) x 2 4 x 21
4.
f (x) ln (2 x)(1
Metabolism: Its time to react!
BIS 2A Discussion 2
Redox
Time Line
Topic: Discussion Date:
D1 Intro Chemistry 1/4 to 1/8
D2 Redox Chemistry 1/11 to 1/15
D3 ATP Production 1/18 to 1/22
D4 Protein Structure 1/25 to 1/29
Midterm 1 Thursday January 28th 12:00
Chapter 5:
5.1: What Features Make Cells the Fundamental Units of Life?
Cell theory:
1- cells are the fundamental units of life
2- living organisms are composed of cells
3- all cells come from preexisting cells
Cell size is limited by the surface are
SAS PRACTICE TEST 1
01/25/2016
Know their contributions
Vincent van Gogh: his disease affected his painting. Believed to
have some mental disorder/ depression/ bipolar. No clear consensus on what
he had.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: father of the microscope,
Biology Lecture 9:
Lateral Gene Transfer:
Students should be able to
Explain at least 3 mechanisms of LGT
Give examples of LGT (horizontal gene transfer)
Predict ways in which LGT can result in incorrect phylogenetic inference
Suggest ways to recognize th
BIS2C major plant concepts for final
ABC model
o Given a pattern of floral organs, what is the predicted pattern of gene
expression?
o Given a pattern of gene expression what would you predict the flower
to look
Name:_ _
Last, First
Biological Sciences 2C Maloof, Rizzo, & Ward
Winter 2010 Midterm #2
Please Read the Instructions First.
Check your pages-there are 12 pages in this exam (pages numbered 1 through 7
are double-sided). You are responsible for making sur
Final Exam: Sample Questions on Metazoa and phylogenetic methods
Multiple-choice questions.
Under some conditions maximum likelihood and other model-based methods for inferring
phylogenies perform better than the parsimony method. Possible reasons include
BIS2C Winter 2011
BIS2C Study Guide: Metazoans
Trees as road maps
Be familiar with the phylogenetic relationships of the major clades of animals, and the
distribution of characters on the tree. Practice drawing trees in which you label both taxa and
trait