Chapter 5 Reading Guide Tips Sheet
1. Spartacus Rebellion Cause effect
Gladiator men trained to fight other men or animals in an arena
73 BCE Spartacus led 70 other slaves from a gladiator school for freedom; attracted 120,000 men, women,
Comparison: Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
3. Matter can be classified by the amount of freedom or energy of its component particles
classification by states of matter. Matter can also be classified by the type of component
particle(s) from which it is
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons Practice Worksheet
Use the periodic table to find the numbers of protons, neutrons, and electrons for atoms of the following
Name of Element
2.5 Solving Absolute Value Inequalities
1) Isolate the absolute value expression
2) Set whats inside the | | > 0 and solve for x
3) Set whats inside the | | < 0 and solve for x
4) Take the inequality after step 1 and solve for y; this is the soluti
Skin- bodys largest organ
Approx. 1.6-1.9m in the average adult
Skin, hair& nails.
Structure of skin
Thin- Covers most of the body
1 to 3 mm thick
Thick- sloes of feet and palms of hands
4 to 5
Anatomy/physiology On 08/27/13
Anatomy- the structure of body parts(also called
Physiology- the function of the body parts, what they do
and now how they do it.
Characteristics of life
Movement- self initiated change in position, m
Tissue: cell group together with one another based on
similar structure and function.
Histology: The study of Tissues.
Four Tissue types:
1 Epithelium tissue
2 Connective tissue
3 Muscular tissue
4 Nervous tissue
Levels of Organization
Atoms- Molecules- organelles- cells- tissues- organs- organ
General Organization of the Body
Axial Portion - head, neck, trunk
Appendicular portion arms and legs
Several body cavities
Layers of membranes within cavi
[Functions] of the Skeletal System
Bones are made of OSSEOUS TISSUE
Support and Protection
Blood cell formation (bone marrow)
Storage of inorganic materials (salt, calcium,
Life cycle of the cell
Mitosis = nuclear division
Mitosis if followed by cytokinesis (cell division)
The steps of mitosis ensure that each new cell has the
exact same number of chromosomes as the original.
Interphase = growth phase, differentiation occurs
Cells vary in SIZE and STRUCTURE, depends on what
All animal cells have
Cell membrane is selectively permeable.
Lipid bilayer (phospholipids) make up the membranes with
-Generate most of a cells energy in the form of ATP.
-The main site of cellular respiration
-Has both an inner and outer membrane.
Movement Through Cell Membrane
Diffusion molecules tend to spread out