Reading Quiz Questions Weeks 1-4
1. What are two methodological difficulties involved with measuring
Relative concept. It is hard to get a good representative concept; poverty can be
defined by income, caloric intake, assets, consumption.
Definition: Most countries that have been torn by civil war are oil producing states.
Recently, non oil producing world is becoming more peaceful. Not all oil producing
countries are prone to conflict, but only the middle or low income countr
1. Definition-Causal effect is the difference in results of one event happening versus not
happening. This is the potential outcomes definition. Causal effects tell us whether
programs or interventions work. For example, they let us examine
Oil and conflict-recent trends:
Definition: Oils impact on the state: 1) Weakens the state. 2) Creates a national
honeypot-meaning that these nations are ones to be raided by all actors, foreign and domestic,
regardless of the long-term consequences produ
National oil companies
DEFINITION: oil companies were private for a very long time,
during Great Transformation 1960-1980, countries (especially middle east) began to nationalize
their oil fields. Before nationalization the 7 sisters (all Western) had a m
National oil companies:
Definition: A national oil company is an oil company fully or in the majority owned by a
Significance: There has been a shift in power and wealth from western companies to
governments in oil-rich states. Exprop
Intergenerational transmission of HIV
1. Definition-Dupass experiment studied the role of relative risk info (Sugar daddy
information) on lowering HIV. It turns out that having sex with older men increases
transmission of HIV. To study if knowing the risk
Climate change and civil war:
Defintion: Burke et al, has calculated that an increase in temperature, due to climate
change, will lead to an increase in the incidence of civil war in Africa.
Significance: When looking at climate model projections for futu
Inequality gap vs. proportion:
Inequality is about ratios, not gaps.
This means that inequality occurs when one unit possesses a share of something that is
bigger or smaller than the average share for all units.
This inequality can be measured in terms
Definition: This is the most commonly used measure of inequality. The coefficient varies
between 0, which reflects complete equality and 1, which indicates complete inequality (one
person has all the income or consumption, all others hav
Source: Article by Hirshman and Rotschild Called the Changing Tolerance for
Income Inequality in the Course of Economic Development
Definition: The initial gratification is called the Tunnel Effect. For example: if a
persons neighbors start
Definition: A phenomenon that refers to a crowding out of other traded goods due to a
boom in oil production. The rise in influx of wealth from oil sales raises the real
exchange value of the producer country currency. This then makes it che
Ethnicity social sanctions & social networks
Definition: Social sanctions works within the limit of social networks. This means that
within an ethnic community or social groups, accountability can b achieved through
social sanctions, meanin
Intergenerational transmission of HIV:
Definition: There is a higher transmission rate of HIV between people of different age
groups, and more precisely between teenage girls and middle aged men.
Significance: Adolescent girls in poor families in developi
The Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta
Can be used as an example of a cult that fights for the ownership rights of oil.
Communities in Niger Delta, which is where most of Nigerias oil was found, have
received little payment of
11. The areas of Africa that were most affected by the slave trades were
a) The most prosperous areas
b) The least prosperous areas
c) The areas with moderate levels of prosperity
d) The prosperity of regions had no bearing on the impact of the slave trad
20. Define and explain the significance of Tomahawk Rights. Answer as
concisely as possible.
Tomahawk rights were secured by deadening trees on land and marking this
improvement on tree bark. Marking trees became a common sign of possession. These
31. What is one of Indonesias successes and what is one price has Indonesia
paid for it?
-Prevented the military to run amuck.
-Not one political faction can dominate.
-Islamist threat.made it not so
-had to acco
7. Collier thinks that what Africa+ most needs to rise out of the bottom
b) Economic stability
c) Less corruption
d) Factor endowments
8. Who was Ken Saro-Wiwa?
a) The dictator of Equatorial Guinea
b) A leader of the Movement for the
Inequality among countries weighted vs. unweighted measures
1. Definition-The claim that inequality is decreasing can be true or false depending on
the type of measure. In weighted measures, inequality appears to be decreasing
because populous countries l
Definition: According to Collier the bottom billion are the people living in 58 countries
that are falling behind in development. These are stuck at the bottom and characterized by
stagnating and also declining economic growth.
Definition: Is the act of giving loans on a smaller scale. The supply of loans, savings and
other basic financial services to the poor.
Significance: To empower those who do not have access to the formal financial sector. Its
purpose is to
George Ayittey- NO! AID WONT HELP! MDGs Are a waste of TIME !
Africa remains povertry striken
So many western governments, development agencies, and individuals
have tried to help a continent that they do not understand.
the truth is that Africa really
National and international efforts to promote economic development have
been very successful with the exception of subsarahan Africa which is
trapped in extreme poverty
Gives a lot of examples of how other countries have succeeded.
Millennium Development Goals
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Achieve universal primary education
Promote gender equality and empower women
Reduce child mortality
Improve maternal health
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
China impact on global environment
Source: The Great Leap Backwards by Elizabeth C Economy
Definition: China's environmental problems are mounting- water pollution, water
scarcity etc etc
They think the economic miracle will end soon because the enviro
Environmental Kuznets curve
Definition- inverted U shaped curve that shows that some problems get better
with income and others get worse.
definition from online;: the Env. Kuznets curve shows that environmental
damage per capita increases in the early s
Food price crisis of 2007-08 (also from Steve Palleys lecture)
1. Prices for food staples such as rice, wheat, corn, and soybean rose dramatically in
these years due to massive shortages.
Wheat crop failure in Australia (60% was lost)
Definition-refers to a political economy argument according to which economic
development is hampered by groups who, by their central location in urban
areas, are able to pressure governments to protect their interests
Source- Lecture, I think
Ethnicity as a social network and social sanction:
Definition: Ethnicity acts as a social network because you are interacting with people that
have the same things in common (language, extended family). Within ethnic groups social
networks are much tighte