Crusoe and Travel Narrative
1st person detailed descrip. of environment, particular to physical appearance of
Reputation of travel writers as liars. Some authors try to satirize this.
Traveler responds with wonder t
Charles Brockden Brown (1771-1810)
classical education at a Quaker school
values linked to Quakerism: gender equality, abolitionism
Influenced by William Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft
period of counter-revol
Perhaps Pamela supports the idea of meritocracy, where those with merit and virtue rise
to the top of society
Pamela's merit enables her to reform the morally degenerate aristocracy
p299, 300. How does Pamela imagine fulfilling the role of wife?
Samuel Richardson (1689-1761)
Middle class, owns printing business
o 1st work is advice manual for apprentices (who are of lower classes). Saw
apprentices as more open to reform than their social superiors.
o Pamela grows out of volume of exemplary
p117: reviews and criticisms
Why was Otranto considered so offensive?
The educated at the time believed the supernatural to be ridiculous
It is a reason why Walpole is anxious to reveal himself as the author of a
Horace Walpole (1717-1797)
Son of Robert Walpole
Re-models his home in the gothic style
Oronoto's framing devices
What do you notice about the title pages to the 1st and 2nd edition?
o 1st edition: originally translated from an Italia
Fielding elevates charity above piety
See Joseph's speech, p204
Echoes of Richardson's critque off upper-class corruption
Joseph as Hero
Chapter 11 (p229-232)
Does Joseph's display of emotion augment or diminish his heroism? Open ended questi
Henry Fielding (1701-1754)
Combined 3 professions
First foray into fiction is Shamela (1741), parody of Pamela.
One of the 3 authors that pioneered the Novel. Among others are Defoe and Richardson.
Mock tragic/epic in natu
What is a novel?
o Historically: readings that first appeared in Europe in early 18th cenury
o Formally: "prose fiction of a reasonable length" - Terry Eagleton
Novels are characterized by conscious experimentation. Therefore the most typical novel
Time suddenly speeds up; seasons are passing, Journal more about his crop cultivations.
He is adapting to the island. Preoccupied with basketweaving, agriculture, rearing
animals, building more shelters
Despite no companionship, he is taki
RACE AND CLASS IDENTITY IN THE GREAT GATSBY AND PASSING
During the 1920s,
scientific studies that viewed the
biologically inferior were being
contested and replaced by various
sociological studies of American