35k B.C. First evidence of humans in Japan.
There was some hoax where a Japanese archaeologist inserted stone tools into a spot that was like 500k
years old. Took awhile for people to realize.
Initially, hunter/gatherer culture.
Muromachi Period (1336 1573):
o Ashikaga Shogunate
o Gradual decentralization: land rights of absentee landlords greatly
o Emergence of daimyo: great local lords who were vassals of the shogun
o Onin War (1467 1477): fall of Ashikaga Shogunate
The Edo or Tokugawa Period(1600-1868)
Key events in Early Edo
o 1603 Ieyasu named shogun
Three types of vassal
o Allied daimyo-Fudai
o Tokugawa branch families-Shinpan
o Outside daimyos: Many over 100K-Tozama
System of alternat
Spring 2012 J50 Japanese Civilization Final Review Guide
SECTION 1: Answer FIVE questions from the possible questions listed below. Each
question is worth 10 points (Total, 50 points).
A. Describe main developments and their meaning for Japanese civilizat
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main actor (shite)
secondary actor (waki)
-zeami motokiyo (1363 1443)
-types of plays
gods, warriors, women, fourth(misc.), demons
Nara to mid-Heian gov (basically same state/imperial state)
council of gods (ritual gov)
council of state (civil gov) actual gov lol
8 ministries. 4 on the right 4 on the left.
Minister of the left is actually a bit higher than the right. Ministri
Kamakura Period (1185 1333)
Taira no Kiyomori. Won a bunch of military conflicts. Married daughter into imperial fam. Put his
grandson on the throne.
Taira lose Genpei war. Minamoto (Genji) est Kamakura shogunate(bakufu/tent government).
After Yorimoto di
-system of dual gov
-2 courts (kyoto and kamakura)
-loss of power of cloistered emperors
-kamakura control of provinces: stewards (jito) and military governors (shugo)
-mongol invasion at first allowed kamakura gov to extend
Sho (mouth organ)
six realms of existence in buddhism
asura (lower leveled than humans but much more powerful. Some can be fallen human warriors)
anger, jealousy, war
hungry ghosts starvation
Midterm Study Guide
February 2 2016
Identification of Terms:
-Dogu: ("clay figures") Japanese traditional figurines of late Jomon period.
ex: Jomon Venus (fertility ritual)
-Haniwa: clay statues, made for ritual use and buried with the dead in as