Chapter 2: Why Are There Wars?
Why do states choose wars? States fight wars because they have conflicting
interests over important issues. Most disputes between states are settled without
resort to war.
Core of analysis:
Even though states may have confl
Chapter 10 Development: Causes of the Wealth and Poverty of
Though everyone in poor countries want development, indi. And groups within countries may
have conflicting interests with respects to development policy. The pursuit of private intere
Chapter 12 Human Rights and Transnational Advocacy
- Intl. human rights law is an institution created by and largely reflecting the
political norms of Western, liberal democracies. The norms embodied in these
laws remain controversial, are not shared eq
Chapter 8: Intl. Financial Relations
-Borrowing nations have both favored opinion and resent(due to constraints) towards foreign
funds. Same in lending nations.
- Both lenders and borrowers have common interest in sustaining capital flows which benefits
Chapter 9: Intl. Monetary Relations
-The contending interests over monetary affairs within countries, leads to domestic conflict over the
appropriate currency policy to pursue.
- Exchange rates determines the outcome of countries policy interactions.
Chapter 7 International Trade
Economists agree that intl. trade brings important benefits to national
economies and that barriers to trade hurt economic growth and wellbeing. Reduce trade barriers is good for a nations econ.
When trade benefiting a co
(Chapter 3: Domestic Politics and War)
Unitary State Assumption: The treatment of states as coherent actors with a set of
interests that belong to the state.
Core of the Analysis:
There can be actors within the state who perceive high benefits from war
Chapter 4: International Institutions and War
-The Condition of anarchy means that there is variation in the ways the intl
community responds to acts of aggression.
-States have used an alternative institution to arrange for help from others:
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Problem driven levels
Paradigms of IR
Paradigm: a worldview underlying the theory of a particular subject
Theory: a logically consistent set of statements that explains a phenomenon of
interest (ppl use to make decisions, cannot