CH 1 ARCHAEOLOGY ETHNOLOGY PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION INFORMANTS
THEORY EDWARD TYLOR GEORGE PETER MURDOCK HARF ETHNOGRAPHY
MATILDA COXE STEVENSON
What are the four mai
Quiz 3 - 10 Questions:
The primary goal of anthropology is to analyze cultural similarities and differences.
Ethnocentrism, which could lead to conflict and misunderstandings, refers to making
value judgments about aspects of another
Quiz 2 - 9 Questions:
Which of the following is a TRUE statement?
Ethnography is the systematic study of the remains of previous cultures to understand
people who lived in the past.
The scientific method can be difficult to apply in studies of other
Quiz 8 - 8 Questions:
Key informants are usually chosen by conducting a
series of formal interviews for the position.
The drawbacks of the random sample include the
lack of stratification
Quiz 9 - 5 Questions:
Before going into the field to conduct anthropological research, the anthropologist usually
submits a list of informants.
When entering a native community, the anthropologist should have a government official
Quiz 5 - 8 Questions:
Biological anthropologists study culture because humans
adapt mainly through genetic changes.
adapt to the environment through natural selection.
adapt primarily through cultural means.
would become extinct from disease wi
Quiz 4 - 6 Question:
Culture changes as a result of internal influences through a process called
The anthropologist Ward Goodenough pointed out that culture is
composed of standards for decis
Quiz 7 - 5 Questions:
Most material aspects of a contemporary culture derive from innovation.
Internal cultural changes include the process of diffusion.
In a heterogeneous culture, individuals usually belong to a s
Quiz 6 - 5 Questions:
The people of Canada share a heterogeneous culture.
Ideal and Real cultural values are typically the same.
Artifacts are material components of culture.
Most differences betw
Westerman and White, Mni Sota Makoce excerpt
What is the relationship between the Dakota and their land? (Avoid colors-of-the-wind
The relationship between the Dakota and their land is a lot deeper than just ownership. They call
The location I have chosen to do my project is at the basketball gym, during pick-up
basketball games starting at 7 in the evening and also find people shooting during the day, also
during the intramural league w
Quiz 1 - 5 Questions:
The four subfields of anthropology include cultural anthropology, biological anthropology
ethnology, and linguistics.
archaeology, and linguistics.
contemporary human variation studies, and linguistics
Notes from Chapter 6
1. What is silent language?
Silent language is all of a cultures nonverbal symbolic systems of communication,
including kinesics and proxemics.
2. How is human language different from the communication system of wild chimpanzees?
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Notes from Chapter 5
1. Cultural relativism is an important concept in anthropology. What are the potential
problems that may occur if it is taken too literally? (
Taking a perspective of cultural relativism does not mean that you should start
Notes from Chapter 3
1. What are the four fields of anthropology, and what kinds of things do anthropologists
working in these areas study? (pg 5)
The four fields of anthropology are cultural anthropology, archeology, linguistics,
and biological anthropol
Notes from Chapter 8
1. ethnology - The comparative study of cultures with the aim of presenting analytical
generalizations about human culture.
2. features - Nonportable evidence of technology at archaeological sites, such as roadways
and fire hearths.
Notes from Chapter 2
1. Explain the anthropological concept of culture.
The sum total of the knowledge, ideas, behaviors, and material creations that are
learned, shared, and transmitted primarily through the symbolic system of
language. These components
Notes from Chapter 9
1. humanistic anthropology - A label for research that focuses on individuals and their
creative responses to cultural and historical forces.
2. linguistics - A subfield of anthropology that includes the study of the structure, histor
Notes from Chapter 4
1. Define and then explain what is meant by a holistic approach to the study of humankind.
Holistic science, which means that anthropologists view Homo sapiens, and the
evolutionary ancestors of modern humans, in the broadest context
Notes from Chapter 7
1. applied archaeology - The branch of anthropology that focuses on the application of
anthropological methods and approaches to the solution of problems, as distinct from
2. archaeology - The systematic study o
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Notes from Chapter 10
1. Closed call systems - Calls are specific and discrete and cannot be combined. Such
communication systems are referred to as closed systems.
2. ethnolinguistics - A field of study in linguistics that analyzes the relationship betwe
1 I I l The Limits ofinfonnol Social Control
Such a regulation might wall lead to greater order on our sidewalks and
among the people dwelling on them. But the evidence suggests that many of
these particular unhoused people would not go to hotels anyway.