Film TV 184 A
1) Lesson 1 The Old vs. New Hollywood Studio System
Q: What happened in 1948 that altered the film industrys vertical integration? Describe
this vertical integration and the process by which the government broke up the studio
1. General definition (non-media-specific)!
2. Historical Background of global Hollywood/Globalization!
3. theorizing national, international and global cinemas (major frameworks and concepts)!
Globalization (A Gener
Media Consolidation (1960s - Present)!
A. Tom Schatz - The Studio System and Conglomerate Hollywood!
Divides consolidation into revolutions of phases:!
Phase 1 - studio fee!
Phase 2 - agencies rise, studios taken over from outside!
Phase 3 - new Hol
The Rise of the Agency!
Agencies rose amid!
- Decline of the Long-term Contract!
- Rise in Independent Production!
- Talent Agency (Wasserman) innovations!
- Production Financing Innovations!
The Long Term Option Contract!
This was the 7-year con
What Makes a Blockbuster?!
New Hollywood Model:!
Fewer Films = Bigger Films!
- studio films dropped from 250/400/year to 130 year by the 1070s!
- studios focused more $ on a few blockbuster to make most profits!
The American New Wave!
Little 3 !
Own production and distribution but not exhibition:!
- United artists (distribution only)!
System - Control the market!
- Producer distributor exhibitor!
The Early Scenario/Story Department!
(What Happens to the Scenario - Mabel Condon)!
Story Department History!
3-5 Departments Organized around Story!
- Story (or Scenario) Department (led by Story Editor and Asst. Stor
I. Marketing and Distribution Innovations!
True Indies in the 1960s-90s!
Truly Independent Producers and Distributors!
- Smaller companies!
- In true competition with majors (not like today)!
How did they compete?!
Ancillaries and Exhibition Shifts!
Hollywood, TV and Beyond: Early Ancillaries (1950s - Present)!
Movie Studios enter TV Industry (1950s - 1960s)!
In the 50s, TV production was centered in New York!
TV required live broadcasts to the East coast an
1. The American New Wave!
Conditions in the U.S. that gave rise to the New Wave and the visual and narrative
characteristics of their films!
The evolution of the blockbuster from the 50s to the 70s/80s!
Blockbusters of New Hollywood
Indies and Tentpoles!
New Line and Miramax!
Exhibition in the 80s: The Multiplex!
Built in the 1980s, Multiplexes were when 1 bigger theatre was chopped up into 2+ smaller
- Results: generation of narrow auditoriums with poor sight lines an
Film and Television Labor!
Below-the-Line Craft and Technical!
Susan Christopherson - Effects of Media Concentration!
Rewards of Creative Labor are more creative. !
- Runaway Production!
- Digital Technology!
Q: What is the state of the agency biz? In other words, what changes are shaping todays
major talent agencies (CAA, WME, UTA, ICM Partners, Paradigm,
A: The broadening entertainment landscape has shifted for a increased comple
A: According to Justin Wyatt, he contends that there indeed has been an evolution of the
significance of being independent in todays Hollywood as today Hollywood is majorly based
upon the interdependence between film forms and
The house should ban the death penalty. Proposition
o Death Penalty (Capital Punishment violates right to life, is expensive, racist,
arbitrary, and fallible. Further, the deterrent effect of the death penalty has
never been proven. Decades of expe
Producers guide project through development and later production.
Often the start of the project
Many are dependent independents who develop/produce material to bring to a studio.
Some are vanity companies
The Studio System
1930s Big 5
20th Century Fox
Little 3: Did not own the theaters.
Filmed in West, distributed/exhibited in East.
Pre-sold Properties, Stars and genres, new slates based in what has been sold before.
Media conglomerates: ownership across an array of media sectors/industries, to allow
sales/exhibition across media.
Vertical integration: Company does it all.
Horizontal integration: Alike/complimentary/competitive.
Media concentration: Phase 3 h
November 25, 2015
Newer Developments in Ancillaries
New delivery systems due to digital tech and widespread broadband internet access.
Reflect newer viewing platforms (digital cable, DVR, iPhone, etc.)
Film 184 October 21 2015
The Rise of the Agency
UTA and WM came into the mix. Agencies not as important during the Studio Era.
CAA defined the modern talent agency. Aggressive, assertive tactics. Poached clients from
competitors. Built premium talent rost
What Do Unions Do?!
Open vs. Closed Shop?!
(to union or not)!
Union vs. Non-Union!
Decision made by producer depends on:!
- In LA/other cities it is often necessary to be union!
- Smaller towns/work-for-hire states can be non-union!
Preliminary Guide for the Final Exam
Final Exam Structure and Format:
The exam will take place during the first half of our final meeting in week 10. Attendance sign-in and
the final lecture will follow the test in the second half o