CATEGORIES AND CONCEPTS
Psych 133B cognitive development Midterm #3
Categories groupings based on similarities: how make sense/ organize the world
Steps in categorization
1. Perceive see, smell, touch
2. Encode relevant aspects
3. Group/ organize with oth
Psych 133B study guide #1
Brain development: 3 major changes
1. Brain size adults have more brain capacities for higher level thinking
2. Brain structure
3. Neurons become interconnected in ways that work. neurons become myelinated
Patterns of brain dev
Psych 133B Exam 2 Review Session
Focus on 2 and 3 course objectives
What is the violation of expectancy paradigm?
What is habituation? What is dishabituation?
What is high amplitude sucking?
o Used with neonates
o Pacifier hooked up to s
Changes in brain size (Adult brain = 4x larger than newborn brain).
Changes in brain structure Prefrontal cortex of frontal lobe of brain is immature at birth.
As it develops, higher level thinking is available.
Changes in n
Exam 2 Notes
William James- All the sensory information the baby takes in is difficult for the baby to
understand/make sense of.
Visual processing requires 40% - 50% of our cerebral cortex function.
Fetus is not exposed too much if any visual stimu
Current Directions in Psychological
Neural Plasticity and Human Development
Charles A. Nelson
Current Directions in Psychological Science 1999 8: 42
The online version of this article can be foun
133B Exam 2 Review Session
November 2nd 2016
*General Study Tips*
Remember the course objectives
1. Know the major theories of cognitive development
2. Have an understanding of the research studies that
give rise to our course content
3. Know the methodo
Tuesdays and Thursdays 11:00 12:15
Dr. Catherine Sandhofer
Office: 2253B Franz Hall
Office Hours: Mondays 2:00 4:00
Exam 3 Notes
Categories- A grouping of different instances on the basis of some underlying similarity
(perceptual or otherwise).
Steps in Categories
Encode relevant aspects
Group/Organize with other instances in memory
Exam 3 Review Session
Categories and concepts
What is the sequential touching task?
o Infant sees objects that belong to 2 different categories, if they have an idea of
categories they will touch different objects
What were the finding of Rovee-Colliers o
Psych 133B Midterm #2 Study Guide
William James Father of American Psychology The baby assailed by eyes, ears, nose, skin, and entrails at once,
feels it all as one great blooming, buzzing confusion. How does info (visual, audit
Slides for Exam 1
changes in brain size
changes in brain structure
changes in neurons
Pattern of Brain Development
6-20 weeks prenatal
peaks 23 weeks prenatal