Living on the Edge: Tombs and Houses of the Chincha Valley, Peru
Prof. Stanish project in Peru
Casa Grande site
Valley comprised of:
Early horizon: 800 BC - 0 AD
Early Intermediate Period: 0 AD - 600 AD
1. Describe the ritual economy and use examples from readings (except Chavin).
In the reading , The ritualized economy and cooperative labor in intermediate socities",
it states that ritualized economy could be understood from a game theories perspective
1. Describe the "ritual economy" and use examples from readings (except Chavin!)
2. Describe the culture and site of Chavin using examples from readings and class.
*Note: USE THE READINGS!
3. Describe the use of solstice and other astronomical observation
The Island of the Sun
Isla del Sol
"the last day of christ" stations of the cross duality with other pilgrimages
Big pilgrimage with stations imparted to convey information to largely illiterate societies/peoples,
each station conveys a story, moral/polit
First Settled Villages of the Americas
One of the first complex archaeological sites in the Americas
People come together, no evidence of conflict, earthen mounds built in a ring,
After Machu Picchu was abandoned, the Inca moved to Iyanta tambo
Machu Picchu was also an estate and a quarry site
Grid pattern predates the Spaniards, dispelling the concept of a European grid
Some rocks too big to move (well, they weren't moved.
Pre-modern, non-industrialized society
Buildings created to inspire awe, a notion of power and dominance
Protzen and Nair Quote in slides
Limestone preferred, andesite also used.
Rocks pounded against each other, crea
The First Americans: The Traditional Theory
Origin and expansion of Homo sapiens into the Americas
Clovis points (spear-heads)
Sea level sank with rising glaciation; population pressure or migration patterns drove
Homo sapiens into previously uninhabitate
Referred to Inca as "inferior"
Sent to make an argument as to why the crown ought to get control over indigenous groups in
the 17th century
His job was to show that the indigenous people were like children, and had not been priviliged
Several myths of the interactions between the Spaniards and the Indigenous peoples
Atahualpa's advantages and disadvantages
Thought the Spaniards to be a minor annoyance; more concerned with their own civil
Pizarro's advantages and
Clash of Titans: The Inca emperor Atahualpa and the Spanish conquistador Francisco
Andean South America Prehistory
The Inca arose out of a time of generalized conflict in the Central Andes
Chmiu, Chincha, Inca, Chanka, Colla,
The Inca rapidly spre
Clash of Titans: the Inca Emperor Atahualpa and the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
The very first contact between Europeans and the Andean people
The vikings from Iceland were the first to contact the Americas
Myths of the first European encounter
Anthro 114R Andean Civilizations 1st Quiz Question
3. Describe the Inca decimal system of labor organization.
The Inca constructed a standardized decimal system to structure labor
organization based upon the Moche culture with its center at Caral.