Participants: CHI=Child (Emily), MOM=Mother, DAD=Father
Media: 811225, audio
Situation: Parents putting child in bed for nap time
& = exhalation
[/] = restarting the utterance
[: word] = guess at trans
Instructor: Erica Cartmill
How do children come to understand (and
eventually master) the language around them?
What else are they learning through learning
Continued: children with no input
Interaction is key to language
Have to be able to perceive as well as produce
Emergence of Nicaraguan sign language (NSL)
regularization of form
published: 11 January 2013
Statistical learning across development: flexible yet
Lauren Krogh 1 *, Haley A. Vlach 2 and Scott P. Johnson 1
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los
The Cultural Organization
Language socialization is the process of socialization into language through language
and its use in interaction (Schieffelin and Ochs 1986). Research in language socialization
Quality of early parent input predicts child
vocabulary 3 years later
Erica A. Cartmilla,1, Benjamin F. Armstrong IIIb, Lila R. Gleitmanb,1, Susan Goldin-Meadowa, Tamara N. Medinac,
and John C. Trueswellb
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago,
Rapid Word Learning under Uncertainty via Cross-Situational Statistics
Author(s): Chen Yu and Linda B. Smith
Source: Psychological Science, Vol. 18, No. 5 (May, 2007), pp. 414-420
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of the Association for Psyc
How do children learn the
ways to combine words?
What kinds of structure are there?
Do children learn a series of small rules or several
Out of the Mouths of Babes
The fact that children learn language so effortlessly at a time when tying
their shoes is a real hurdle makes language-learning appear miraculous.
Children are faced with the seemingly difficult task of learning a complex
Recognizing Intentions in Infant-Directed Speech: Evidence for Universals
Gregory A. Bryant and H. Clark Barrett
Psychological Science 2007 18: 746
The online version of th
Defining the problem:
what must children learn?
How do children do it?
Proposal: children learn language by imitating the
things they hear
Some role in word learning
Homework 1: Quantifying child speech (DUE APR 21 IN CLASS)
Name & UID:
If you worked on the assignment as a group (up to 4), please list the people in your group here:
You may work in groups of up to 4 people, but you EACH must
Learning Structure 2
Review from HW1: type vs. token
Word types = distinct entries in lexicon (vocabulary)
Word tokens = sum of all instances of words used
Cause the players gonna play, play, pla
Describe the main differences between language acquisition and
Acquiring the sounds, structures, and uses of language
Age and mechanisms of acquisition
Relation to cognitive development
Anthro M149E, Spring 2016
Final Exam Study Guide
Thursday, June 9 from 11:30-2:30. Please arrive a few minutes early
so that you will ready to begin the exam on time.
What to bring to the exam: Multiple pencils (in case one fails in the middle of the
What is the infant learning?
Language but what is that?
Language but what is that?
Acquiring the sounds, structures, and uses
What is a word?
A word has
Morphological inner structures (sometimes)
What is a word meaning
The role of gesture
On average, when do children
a) At birth
b) Before they are a year old
c) Between 12 months and 18 months of age
d) Between 18 and 24 months
e) After two years old
Input to children:
IDS & rare cases with no input
Discussion from last class
Take a position on the following points using the
Is baby talk universal?
! Is it useful?
! Is it necessary?
Review Questions for the Final Exam Astronomy 3, Fall 2015
Consult also the study questions made available for the midterm exam
1. What is the difference between mass and weight?
2. The total lifetime of