17) Tectonic components of the California landscape
Comparison of Mesozoic California to modern Indonesia (Sumatra)
1)Modern Sumatra is an OK model for Mesozoic (Actively
Comparison of components forearc basin, accretionary wedge,
15) The Boreal Landscape Physical Changes & Biotic evolution.
15) Evolution of the Boreal/Holarctic Fauna and Flora
Purpose - explore examples of biotic/abiotic interactions leading to componets of the
modern fauna associated with evolution of the climate
14 How to Change Climate
How to Change Climate
1) Energy produced by Mr. Sun - Main sequence evolution
2) Move Continents (effects, monsoons, albedo, ocean circ. etc.)
3) Sea Level (effects albedo, heat transport)
4) Latitudinal/seasonal energy dis
16 West Coast biota
Purpose- explore examples of how global climate/ocean process and evolution interact
Evolutionary diversification follows the Origin of Biomes
The Late Miocene Upwelling Example
Antarctic Driven Onsetabout 11-12 lasts to out about 5mya
11/12 the Atmosphere
Understanding How the Atmosphere Works
-11. Building from Basic Rules & Smaller Scale Processes
-12. Circulation-Scaling to the Globe &
- adding processes such as seasons
Purposes Learn how global process and
#3 Making Matter - Why concern ourselves with the way matter is
See how - Regularities help us clarify hypothesis of process.
Observe that-Different proportions of elements, or isotopes of an
element, between samples provides clues to the biological
Purposes Consider Systems of Classification
See Correlations that Reveal Processes (Big & Small)
Use the Rock cycle to relate type to process
3 major types - what can each type tell us about
sets of geologic processes
What is Time?
How do we describe
the passage of time?
How do we know that
one things is older
How can we date or
determine the age of
things that happened
#6 Relative Time
Consider scientific revolutions as we procede th
10 Isostasy (short)
9 two types of convection
Effects of density - due to composition, or temperature
temperature affects density causing topography
9) Two Types of Convection
Oceanography 10, T. James Noyes, El Camino College
INTRODUCTION TO OCEAN CURRENTS
What is an ocean current? Why do we care about ocean currents?
An ocean current is like a river in the ocean: water is flowing traveling from place to p
7 Absolute Time
Distinguish relative and absolute time
Consider what is needed to determine absolute time?
Radioactive isotopes - rates
What can we date? -closing of a system
Building the Times Scale
Relative + absolute + wiggles
5 Solar System & Earth Formation
Purposes Regularities lead to inference of processes
partitions of elements
Inference at a distance - the early solar system & the inner Earth
Understand Earth Structure and composition - critical in the
course re. convect
13 Oceans and climate
Gyres & Wind Driven Circulation
Episodic = Change?
annual average wind
MAJOR OCEAN CURRENTS
Vertical Movement of
water driven by density
Q1 Take out Pen and paper.
Is it hot today?
It is not summer.
Why is it so _ hot?
Lecture A - #2
The Nature of Science
why are we discussing this? objectives
(1) Be able to discuss what is, and is not science and why
(2) Reflect on How science and society
Syllabus Fall 2016
Earth Process and Evolutionary History
This class explores the relationship between physical processes, such as tectonics and
Detailed Syllabus for Weeks 1 3
Lectures are designated with letters, Objectives are numbered.
Readings from How to make a Habitable Planet are referred to as Planet readings from other sources are
Planet = Langmuir & Broecker 2012. Ho
Detailed Syllabus for weeks 4-7 Earth Process & Evolutionary History
Lectures are designated with letters, Objectives/topics - are numbered.
Readings from How to make a Habitable Planet are referred to as Planet
Q marks readings relevant to online quizzes
Hurricanes vs monsoons
hurricanes form over hot water
monsoons product of heating of the land
theyre both associated with summer time heating
monsoon is a continuous process
hurricanes is an isolated cyclonic disturbance
o lots of hot wate