Most common arch anomaly
Left arch with aberrant right subclavian artery. 2% of population.
Two congenital aorta arch anomalies seen in an Left-sided (normal) arch with aberrant right subclavian artery.
adult vascular radiology practice:
Mammographic signs of malignancy
Spiculated mass. Pleomorphic microcalcifications. (40% of breast cancers)
Definition of breast mass
Space occupying lesion seen in two different projections. Convex borders. Distorts normal architecture. Increased central
Unresectable pancreatic cancer factors?
Paraneoplastic condition in pancreatic adenocarcinoma?
Normal size of duodenal papilla?
Two types of gastric volvulus?
Small bowel folds in Celiac disease and Scleroderma?
Ileocecal valve upp
4 features that suggest bone malignancy? Orientation or axis of the lesion. Zone of transition.
Cortical destruction. Periostitis.
Benign periostitis wavy, uniform, or dense periostitis. Due to low-grade chronic irritation that gives periosteum time to la
Gallium-67 dose? Gamma energies? Half-life? Time to imaging?
Gallium-67 mechanism of uptake?
Gallium-67 Normal distribution?
I-131 dose? Gamma energies? Half-life? Time to imaging?
I-131 mechanism of uptake?
I-131 Normal distribution?
I-131 MIBG dose? Gam
Bulge: Broad-based disk bulge. Usually bulging annulus fibrosus.
Protrusion: Focal disk bulge. Usually herniated nucleus pulposus.
High T2 signal of annulus indicating annular tear.
Conjoined root: Normal variant of two roots exiting thecal sac together.
Distinguishing characteristics between AMLs and hyperechoic RCCs? may have cystic elements, calcifications, or hypoechoic halo.
AMLs tend to have acoustic shadowing. Hyperechoic RCCs
Caudate lobe drains into veins vein?
IVC via small what separate from he
Patients with Sjogren syndrome are at increased risk Non-Hodgkin pulmonary lymphoma.
Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis (LIP). for developing what diffuse lung diseases
AnkylosingYoung to middle-aged man with spine changes (kyphosis, spinal ankylosis).
A burst fracture of the C1 ring?
any break in the bony ring of a vertebra that occurs on a slice that shows the _ _ is a spondylolysis until proved otherwise?
Helps distinguish myositis ossificans from parosteal clu