Handout 1- Classical dances of India
Classical dance in India is an eloquent expression of an ancient tradition, in which every action, be it the pursuit
of knowledge, skills, craft, or an art form, became a stirring ritual and an offering to the divine.
Dance of the Enchantress
From the south-west state of Kerala
In the temples -performed by Devadasis
Later in royal courts
First reference in 'Vyavaharamala' composed, in
16th century AD.
Contributions to the art form by 19th centu
As long as the mountains stand and rivers
flow, so long will this story of Ramas heroic
deeds be told and cherished on the earth.
Ramayana-the journey/march of Rama
in search of truth and enlightenment
The Ramayana is believed to
From the state of Orissa/Odisha
in eastern India.
It is the oldest surviving dance form of India on the basis of
archaeological evidences. The Natya Shastra, refers to it as
Odra-Magadhi. 1st century BCE bas-reliefs in the hills
What is Indian dance?
Folk and tribal
Western influenced- ballet/modern
Every art form as an expression of an ancient
tradition was a stirring ritual to spiritual
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2. 3 g a Bharatha Natyam
'sn 8 r;- '" I What Are You?
0 2 a s . .
O a m f Avant/zz Medan
Let me tell you a story. I grew up in the cultural city of Madras,
where I learned bharatha natya
Originated in Manipur- a state in
north eastern India bordering
In the 15th century - Introduction of Krishna
bhakti from other parts of India to Manipur.
Detailed dances described and codified in the
From South-central India
Village of the same name, originally called
Kuchelapuri or Kuchelapuram, a hamlet in
From early 3rd century BC, a continuous and
living dance tradition of this region deroved
History and Development
Development of individual dance
Regional styles developed between the 14th and the
15th centuries AD
Dancers and musicians were associated with worship in
temples- dancing girls ( devadasis) who dedicated
Classical Music of India
Hindustani- N. Indian
Carnatic/Karnatic- S. Indian
In the Vedas, - oldest scriptures in
the Hindu tradition 4000BC - Samaveda - the
hymns sung as Samagana. Chanting style
evolved eventually into ragas
Natya Shastra 2nd C
Folk Dances of India
Dances of Gujarat, Punjab, and other
Folk dances express the mood of the moment,
the celebration of birth, a harvest, or a festival.
Usually a group effort.
Technique can be learnt in less time comparatively more si
Republic of India (Hindi: Bhrat)
Most populous democracy in the world.
(Population-1.2 billion) - second most populous
country after China (1.3)
seventh-largest country by geographical area
Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Se
Katha means story and kali
Kathakali literally means story
From the state of Kerala in southern India.
Roots in Kuttiyattam, an ancient Sanskrit drama form,
Krishnattam, Teiyyam (folk tradition) and Kalaripayattu
Indian Epics- 2
Mahabharata- The great 18 day war
Longest Sanskrit epic-10 times nore
than Greek epics
The Mahabharata tells the story of two sets of
paternal first cousins-the five sons of the
deceased king Pandu and the one hundred
sons of blin
Sanatana Dharma The Eternal Way
The world's oldest religion
Has no beginning - no human
It predates recorded history
In Hinduism, there is only one reality, often
identified as Brahman. (Monotheistic)
Brahman is formless -