1) The externally-directed constructivist view emphasizes that learners construct their own knowledge by
means of transforming and reorganizing their existing cognitive structures.
Page Ref: 361-363
2) Locating the sourc
Answer: Skills that are applied without conscious thought are called automated basic skills. Most
psychologists describe three stages in the development of an automated skill: cognitive, associative,
and autonomous. At the cognitive stage, we rely on decl
4) A procedure that is guaranteed to accomplish a particular goal when correctly implemented is called
D) working-backward strategy.
Explanation: A) An algorithm is a step-by-step procedure that guara
21) Which one of the following sources would be the LEAST likely product to be found in a student's
A) Artistic products
B) Peer comments
C) Standardized test results
D) Written products
Explanation: C) Standardized test results are t
26) In Gordons no-lose method of conflict resolution the needs of both the teacher and the students are
taken into account.
Page Ref: 498
Short Answer Questions
1) Doyle discussed the following six characteristics of classrooms: (1) Multidime
23) Learning by observing others is:
A) harmful to independent learning.
B) what Bandura refers to as self-efficacy.
C) is unrelated to self-regulated learning.
D) an effective way to learning new knowledge and skills.
Answer: D) Modeling, or ha
Page Ref: 520
16) When instructional goals involve affective development and critical thinking or problem solving,
direct instructional strategies are recommended.
Page Ref: 519
17) Students' self-fulfilling prophecy effects se
Explanation: C) Judging the feasibility of a court decision is at the evaluation level of Bloom's
taxonomy. At this highest level, students must know enough about the particular decision and
the background information to make a judgment or "eval
8) Sherry's class knows that different behaviors are expected (and tolerated) during different kinds of
activities. It is likely that her class has a good understanding of
A) each activity's goal.
B) participation structures.
C) self-management techniques
Humans still have animal characteristics.
motivations come from within, the energy within comes from aggression and sex.
The decisions we make are unconscious. We are irrational being.
*People still believe
08 September 2016
Social Psychology Lecture 2
Example: Ultimatum Game
Two parts of courses: Understand & Control
Ying & Yang: Balance
Everything has a trade-off
Scala Naturae: As Above, So Below
The Human Self
Intelligence Gods o
Problem of Other Minds
Experience of Red
Qualia What it is like to be someon e
Problem of Other Minds
Whats it like to be a bat?
Problem of Other Minds
Do other people eve
2) Psychological and physical reactions causing a person to be alert, attentive, and wide awake is called
Page Ref: 453
3) Problem solving, emotional management, and avoidance are strategies that people use to cope with
Explanation: B) Triarchic reciprocal causality is the name Bandura uses for the interaction between
the environment, internal factors, and behaviors. By including these three domains, Bandura
promoted a strict behavioristic account of learning.
The eighth-grade class is preparing for its annual "School Scam Skit" in which it parodies amusing school
events during the year. Alonzo discovers that, by mistake, the class has sold 500 tickets for an auditorium
that has a seating capacity
between the teacher and the student. The immediate goal is to facilitate the solving of the problem
that precipitated the meeting between them.
Page Ref: 496
37) A key element in empathetic listening is
A) giving students clear prescr
32) Gwen, the class Vice President, suggested that they organize committees that would be responsible
for (1) checking the calendar to see if the program could be held on two consecutive nights; (2) checking
with other junior or senior high schools in the
managers in handling discipline problems, but effective managers were much better at
Page Ref: 434
22) Jeremiah throws his book at Sally, but Mrs. Fox mistakenly reprimands Sally for the disruption. Mrs.
Fox has made
16) Lynn Fuch's research has shown that students who are taught to engage in self-regulated learning do
not perform significantly better in math than those who are not taught self-regulated learning strategies.
Page Ref: 415
17) Rubrics are
26) Knowing how to submit messages in a Blog is called _knowledge.
Page Ref: 296
27) Most adult Americans have a _memory of the terrorist acts on September 11, 2001 in the
Page Ref: 301
Page Ref: 335
8) A heuristic that limits one's search for solutions to problems that have something in common is
Page Ref: 335
9) The working backward strategy is sometimes an effective heuristic
18) In order to encourage student creativity, teachers are advised to
A) enhance each student's reliance on authorities for response accuracy.
B) promote convergent thinking and problem-solving skills.
C) reinforce unusual solutions, even if the product i
Explanation: A) The Jigsaw format is a cooperative learning structure in which each student is
responsible for teaching the other group members on one section of the material Thus, each
student becomes an "expert" of their assigned or selected c
mastery-oriented student she might approach her test anxiety by studying more and asking the
teacher and her peers for help.
The fact that Trina is still studying is evidence of her self-determination, which is the need to
experience choice and control in
1) Would the use of social negotiation and shared responsibility help Mr. Butler to create a cohesive
group among the students? Explain.
Answer: The use of social negotiation and shared responsibility are most likely to help Mr.
Butler create a cohesive g
Page Ref: 554
8) Which one of the following actions is a limitation of multiple-choice tests?
A) Allow for bluffing
B) Are difficult to grade
C) Can be difficult to prepare
D) Cannot measure higher-order learning
Automaticity & Consciousness
Part 1: Awareness & Control
Automaticity & Consciousness: Overview
Dissociating Awareness & Experience
Freudian vs. Cognitive Unconscious
Awareness & Control
Failures of control
Illusions of control
Person Memory & Mental
Types of Memories
Associative Network Model
Memory & Technology
First 10,000 digits of Pi
Racial Disparities in Health:
The Multidimensional Contributions of Racism
David R. Williams, PhD, MPH
Florence & Laura Norman Professor of Public Health
Professor of African & African American Studies and
ASK THE EXPERTS FORUM #1 HEALTHY COMMUNITIES
Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Meizhu Lui, Makani Themba-Nixon, and Jack Shonkoff talk about
neighborhoods, community organizations, labor, family, and early childhood.
Question #1: Its obvious why the poor have worse
Psychiatria Danubina, 2015; Vol. 27, Suppl. 1, pp 9296
Medicinska naklada - Zagreb, Croatia
POVERTY AND MENTAL HEALTH: WHAT SHOULD WE KNOW
AS MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS?
Brice Lepice, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques & Nicolas Zdanowic
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this
material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this site.
Copyright 2006, The Johns Hopkins University
BACKGROUNDERS FROM THE
UNNATURAL CAUSES HEALTH EQUITY DATABASE
Childhood / Early Life
Background: The conditions of our early life not only affect how sick or well we are as
children, they have an impact on our life-long health and even that of future gen