CHAPTER 1: HOW DO BIOLOGISTS STUDY LIFE?
Ulcers are caused by bacteria, not overabundance of acid 1984 Barry Marshall 1.1 HOW DO BIOLOGISTS AND OTHER SCIENTISTS ASK QUESTIONS? The beginning of all inquiry is curiosity DO SCIENTISTS USE THE SCIENTIFI
CHAPTER 3: BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES GREAT AND SMALL
Prions proteins that can destroy 3.1 HOW DO ORGANISMS BUILD BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES? Cell size: many small (molecular weight <300), many large (>10,000), but few medium-sized HOW BIG ARE BIOLOGICAL MOLECU
CHAPTER 4: WHY ARE ALL ORGANISMS MADE OF CELLS?
Very Little Animalcules ~300 years ago Leeuenhoek & Hooke found out about cells 4.1 WHY ARE ALL ORGANISMS MADE OF CELLS? protoplasm "juices" found in cells by Hooke; term later discarded ALL ORGANISMS
CHAPTER 6: HOW DO ORGANISMS SUPPLY THEMSELVES W/ ENERGY?
Cagniard and two others, including Schwann, found that yeast cells were linked to fermentation Rejected by 19th century scientists, like Liebig He thought chemical reactions didn't need any mic
CHAPTER 7: PHOTOSYNTHESIS: HOW DO ORGANISMS GET ENERGY FROM THE SUN?
The Chemical Evangelist Johann Baptista van Helmont (early 17th century) Growth of plants from water, not soil 7.1 HOW DO WE KNOW HOW PLANTS OBTAIN CARBON AND OXYGEN? Stomata minu
CHAPTER 8: CELL REPRODUCTION
The Legacy of Henrietta Lacks 8.1 CELL DIVISION HOW DO CELLS DIVIDE? WHAT DID EARLY BIOLOGISTS DISCOVER ABOUT CHROMOSOMES? 8.2 HOW DOES A DIVIDING CELL ENSURE THAT EACH DAUGHTER CELL RECEIVES AN EXACT COPY OF THE PARENT C
CHAPTER 19: CLASSIFICATION: WHAT'S IN A NAME?
Is the Red Wolf a Species?- it's just a hybrid between the grey wolf and the coyote 19.1 WHY IS IT DIFFICULT OT NAME AND CLASSIFY ORGANISMS? Taxonomist biologist who classifies organisms Arguments & cont
CHAPTER 2: THE CHEMICAL FOUNDATIONS OF LIFE
Nitric Oxide chemical in dynamite, lowers blood pressure, increases blood flow 2.1 WHAT IS MATTER? Chemistry science dealing with properties and transformations of all forms of matter Chemical reactions
CHAPTER 5: DIRECTIONS AND RATES OF BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES
Boltzmann the man who championed the idea that atoms were real, not abstract in 19th century Most important application of ideas were in: thermodynamics the study of the relationships among d