Week 1: Faces and the Brain
1. What does your brain look like (anatomy), and how does it work (physiology)? 4 lobes: Frontal: reasoning & motor skills; Parietal: touch; Occipital: primary visual cortex
(sight); Temporal: interpreting sounds (
Lecture 1 Faces
Face blindness = prosopagnosia
Visual information is processed in the occipital lobe (the primary
visual cortex specifically)
Real estate different parts of the brain allocated for process
different types of information from dif
Lecture 1 What does your brain look like, and how does it work?
Brain and behavior
o Changes in energy
o Light is reflected
o Mechanical energy
o Chemical energy
Overt things you can see
Covert your thoughts, understanding, per
Fronteres Lecture 6
Neurons in all areas communicate via action potentials and neurotransmitters. When neurons in
an area fire action potentials, you experience some type of perception. We do not understand
how a unified perception is formed (this is the
Frontiers - Lecture 4
fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) changed the face of
psychology an (behavioral) neuroscience
o starts with increase in neural activity and leads to increase in local blood
o Increase in local blood flow leads to cha
Frontiers Lecture 3: Studying the Live Human Brain
Brain is made up of neurons
All neurons respond alike, electrochemical activity (actions
Youre only aware of the el
Frontiers Lecture 5
What does you Brain look like and how does it work?
1) What are the ABCs of Brain Anatomy?
Neurons (action potentials) / b. Cortex / c. Grey and White matter that make up
the cortex 2) Action potential electrochemical change in the
Lecture 2 Anatomy of Brain Continued
Cortex has 6 layers that can contain cells
o Brodmann (1909) noticed that there were 5 different regions of the
Your brain is not the same everywhere
o 1) there are anatomically distinct areas of the brain
Frontiers Lecture 7
The speed of light theory tells us that for objects in motion, time passes slower. There is
no one time, there are times, depends on state of motion
a. This means for 2 different observers, an event cant be considered simultaneous.
Frontierss Lecture 8
1) How do we know that the universe is expanding? What is the big bang?
a. We know the universe is expanding because scientists have measured points
on the universe and over time, those points have become further out into
space. The b
Frontiers - Lecture 11
One second for us = 1 second x gamma for the object. Gamma
is always bigger or = to 1. It gets bigger as speed increases.
Distance is contracted, time for the moving thing goes slower
for us because we arent moving. (taxi cab exampl
Frontiers Lecture 9
Log plots For organizing data in a linear function. (Axis start at 10, 100, 1,000 etc.)
BOE calculation 1) break problem into small steps 2) Make simplifying assumptions 3)
Determine unknown qualities by comparing them to known
Lecture 10 - Frontiers
How do FMRIs work?
a. How do they work/What do we wish to measure/what do we wish to know?
- Measure increases in brain activity (action potentials). We want to know
how strong different parts of the brain are functioning.
Scientific Habits of Mind
A partial list of the habits covered in Frontiers of Science, Fall 2011
Chapter 1: Sense of scale
1. A sense of scale. Particularly spatial scales (nucleus, atom, neuron).
2. Units and unit conversions, scientific notation.
Final Study Guide
DISCLAIMER: These questions do not contain all of the information from
lectures that you are expected to know. They indicate the principal topics
with which you should be familiar.
Neuroscience Week 1 Your Brain: What and How?
1. What ar
What is the mass of an electron? How tall is an adult human being? Are left-handed people faster than
right-handed people? Even if you have the appropriate tools (scales, rulers, clocks, etc.) to make
measurements that address such que
Glossary for the article: Turk, D. J. et al. (2002). Mike or me? Self recognition in a
split-brain patient. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 841-842.
corpus callosum structure of the mammalian brain made up of axons going from one
cerebral hemisphere to the other.
Logic of Science Tutorial
Science is frequently invoked in discussions as having established certain truths. A claim that is deemed
scientifically proven, established by science, or a scientific certitude is one that the declarer thinks
no reasonable pers
Calculating with Units Tutorial
1. Units multiply and divide like numbers, but dont combine with the numbers.
2. To combine and cancel units, convert them.
3. Use equalities to convert units.
4. Linear, squared, and cubed units DO NOT have the same conver
Sense of Scale Tutorial
If one were to ask you, as you walk around campus or the city, to identify the heights of the people you
pass, it is quite likely that without aid of measurement or calculation you could estimate how tall each
passerby is to within
Back-of-the-Envelope Calculation Tutorial
How high is Butler Library? Can all Frontiers students fit on one subway train? How much money does
the University receive every year in tuition from Columbia College students?
While one may have the impression th
Jenni Slozsek Chow"
19 faculty representing 8 departments!
27 seminar sections!
Professor of Mathematics and
Professor of Physics"
Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences"
Probability is one of the most widely used mathematical tools, employed not only in characterizing the
statistics of experimental results, but in economic predictions, weather forecasts, sports analyses, medical
diagnoses, and politic
Notes on Kellermann et al. (2008). Ecological and Economic Services Provided
by Birds on Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee Farms.
Conservation Biology 22(5), 1177-1185.
Coffee berry borer life cycle:
The coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus
hampei) is a small bla
Term Paper Guidelines
For this assignment you will report on a scientific article of your choosing. Your paper should
show that you understand the articles conclusions, the evidence presented in support of those
conclusions, and how the findings bear on t