Introduction to Philosophy, Phil. 1
Tony Hanson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Adding this course:
A note about adding this course. The course is full. However you can earn an add, if you
attend all classes up to Jan. 16. On Jan. 16, I will give you an add code.
Objectives for Quiz 5
You should be able to answer the following essay questions:
1. How does Berkeleys empiricism differ from Lockes? (Be sure to give Berkeleys reasons for disagreeing with
2. What is the problem of substance in Locke?
3. What ro
Preparing for Quiz 6
In this section we read David Hume, the most important of the modern empiricists, and, some say, the most
important philosopher ever to write in English. We study his 20th-century heirs, the logical positivists. We
also study Immanuel
Preparing for Quiz 7
In this section we think about a central question of metaphysics (ontology): what kind of thing is
consciousness, or mind, or "soul"?
If Cartesian dualism is correct, the mind is "spiritual substance" (res cogitans) while the body is
Preparing for Quiz 9
In this section we learn about arguments for the existence of a Judeo-Christian type of God. We examine both
the arguments and critiques of the arguments.
This is the material for Quiz 9.
Objectives for Quiz 9
You should be able to an
Preparing for Quiz 10
In this section we learn about arguments against the existence of a Judeo-Christian type of God. We examine
both the arguments and critiques of the arguments.
This is the material for Quiz 10.
Readings for Quiz 10
The reading assignm
Preparing for Quiz 11
In this section we study post-Kantian approaches to religious belief. Kant showed that questions of God,
freedom, and immortality are noumenal, i.e., unknowable by beings whose cognitive faculties are limited to
the phenomenal world.
Preparing for Quiz 12
In this section we think about ethics. We study two major systems of normative ethics in Western philosophy:
utilitarianism and Kant's ethics.
This is the material for Quiz 12.
Readings for Quiz 12
The reading assignments for this se
Preparing for Quiz 13
In this section we think about whether the enterprise of normative ethics is even possible. Feminists,
environmentalists, and relativists have mounted challenges to the traditional normative systems we looked
at last week (utilitaria
Explain the difference between mythos and logos world-views.
According to Palmer, although mythos and logos pretty much traces the originality of things in
life, yet mythos tend to focus more on the strong time, the time existed prior to the normal
What is the Ontological Argument? What is it intended to prove? Does it succeed?
Ontological Argument is one of the three arguments in the philosophy of religion that addresses Gods
existence. This is not one of a strong argument, rhetorically speaking