In the 8th century, the Arab-Muslim world extended from the shores of
Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees in the west to the borders of China in
Arab-Muslim Empire needed geographic knowledge for territorial,
Ch 8 Arab philosophy
Conquering Alexandria and other centers of education life as Haran and Jundishapur, the Arabs
got in contact with a rich heritage in various fields especially philosophy.
Alexandria: was founded by Alexander the great in 332 B.C. and
Impact of Greek and Persian Medicine:
Arab medicine was very much influenced by Greek and Persian
medicine, and little influenced by Indian and Coptic medicine.
Arab Medicine passed through 3 stages:
a. 1st stage: extensive tr
Chapter 7 history and historians
_history an integral part of Islam theology
Islam as religion and civilization has been imbued from the beginning with a sense of
.the Quran itself is full of lessons from history
. Arab historical writing uses i
Chapter 9: Islam Arts
Since ancient times, Arabs were able to express their spiritual values and practical
needs in different artistic ways.
Ancient and important cities like Petra, Palmyra (Tadmur), Madain Saleh and
Hitra in Iraq: Many sculp