-What is random assignment? Why do we use random assignment in experiments?
-each participant has an equal opportunity to be in the study
-What are control groups, experimental groups?
-experiments dont always need control groups
-some experiments just ha
-What is reliability?
reliability: ability for study to be reproduced; extent to which study will yield same results if
-What are the goals, benefits, and weaknesses/disadvantages of the following methodologies?
-Descriptive research: to d
-What is a theory? What is a research hypothesis?
-theory: general statement that specifies the causal relationships between abstract ideas (must have
possibility to be disproven) more abstract
-ie: aggressive role models effects and increase aggressive b
-Why was Hannah Arendts interpretation of Adolf Eichmanns behavior
controversial? How does her conceptualization of the cause of evil relate to the
general principles of social psychology?
-Her thesis is that Eichmann was not a fanatic or sociopath, but m
-What is the self-concept?
-sum of total beliefs you have about yourself
-some people believe that they have many different selves
-some people believe that you can have multiple selves based on the situation
-stability of self: certain parts of
-What are contingencies of self worth? How do they influence self-esteem?
-contingencies of self-worth: an account of self-esteem that maintains that self-esteem is contingent
-Shelly Taylor: rimes when unrealistic positive self-esteem can be b
-What is an attitude? (the 2 dimensions of attitudes & the 3 components of attitudes)
-attitude: overall evaluation of an attitude object
-an evaluation of an object in a positive or negative fashion that includes 3 elements of
-What is the principle of cognitive conservatism (cognitive miser)?
-cognitive conservatism: we try to be as efficient and accurate as possible using as little information
-cognitive miser: cannot process everything
-Are positive illusions adaptive?
-Self-serving cognitions/self-enhancing biases :
self-reference effect: more likely to process and remember things that are somewhat related to you
egocentric bias: overestimate own role in a situation
Lake Wobegon Effect
The Self: Goleman: A Bias Puts Self at Center of Everything
-personal bias is far more extensive than ever thought before
-Miron Zuckerman: in group discussions, people exaggerate their importance
-each person present may see himself a
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-What is social psychology?
-scientific study of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals in social situations
-scientific study of the ways in which peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are
influenced by the real or imagined presence of othe