CHAPTE 17 SECTION 1
1. Settlers moving west did not think the Great Plains were fit for farming because
CORRECT: the area received little rainfall and had few trees.
EXPLANATION: Because the Great Plains received little rainfall and had few trees, settler
CHAPTE 9 SECTION 1
1. Based on his inaugural address, which of the following most accurately reflects Jefferson's
opinion about political parties?
ANSWER: Differences between the parties should not cause conflict.
EXPLANATION: Jefferson said, "Every diffe
Chapter 17, Section 1 Mining and Railroads
Settlement to the West came in a rush.
By 1859, miners looking for gold in Sierra Nevada.
~ Comstock Lode ~ richest silver mine in world produced $300 million worth of
Boomtowns sprang up ~ merchants c
CHAPTE 14 SECTION 1
1. The Wilmot Proviso, a proposal that slavery be banned in all territory gained from Mexico,
CORRECT: never became law but alarmed people in the South.
EXPLANATION: This proposal, known as the Wilmot Proviso, passed in the House of Re
Chapter 7, Section 1 GOVERNING A NEW NATION
First state constitutions designed to support principles fought for in
American Revolution minimize power of government while protecting
individual rights Virginia was first state to include Bill of Rights.
Chapter 9, Section 1 JEFFERSON TAKES OFFICE
Election of 1800 Republican Thomas Jefferson won over Adams
Revolution of 1800.
Jefferson believed in laissez faire approach to government vowed to
change polices made by Adams and Washington.
CHAPTE 16 SECTION 1
1. A major reason why Lincoln's plans for Reconstruction were NOT put into practice was
CORRECT: Lincoln was assassinated.
EXPLANATION: Lincoln had no chance to put his plans into practice because he was shot and killed on April 14,
CHAPTE 19 SECTION 1
1. During the Progressive Era, which of the following did NOT increase voters' power?
CORRECT: the graduated income tax
EXPLANATION: The recall allowed voters to remove an elected official from office, the primary allowed them
Chapter 19-20 Questions
1. The problems in American politics during the Gilded Age are the spoils system,
the strong influence over politics by big business, and the corruption in the cities.
2. Voters select their party candidates instead of part
Chapter 3, Section 1 FIRST ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS
England began to establish colonies in North America in 1500s,
hoping they would provide new markets for English products and raw
materials for industry.
1585 first colony established at Roanoke Island.
Chapter 12, Section 1 IMPROVING SOCIETY
1830s political and religious efforts to create a better society.
Belief that people could improve them selves/society led to wave of reforms.
The Second Great Awakening preachers taught of doctrine of free will
Chapter 19, Section 1 The Gilded Age and Progressive Reform
2 concerns shaped politics during Gilded Age:
1) feared industrialists/wealthy men enriching themselves at expense of public.
2) corruption in government.
1883 Civil Service Commission created
CHAPTE 11 SECTION 1
1. The term mass production is best defined as the
ANSWER: rapid manufacture of a large number of identical objects.
EXPLANATION: Mass production refers to the large-scale manufacturing of identical products.
2. An early slogan of labo
Chapter 1, Section 1 EARLIEST AMERICANS
Scientists believe people first come to North America from Asia via
Land-Bridge Theory from 20,000 and 30,000 years ago.
They were hunters provided food, tools, and clothing then became
gatherers farmers (developed
Chapter 5, Section 1 TROUBLE ON THE FRONITER
By mid 1700s, France and Britain both controlled large areas of North
America need for farmland caused Natives and British to clash.
English settles started pushing into Ohio River valley causing conflict
Chapter 17-18 Vocabulary
1. vigilante: self-appointed law keepers
2. subsidy: grants of land or money
3. transcontinental railroad: a railroad line that spanned the continent
4. travois: small sleds
5. tepee: cone-shaped tents mad of buffalo skins
Chapter 11, Section 1THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Introduced in Great Britain in the textile industry (1700s), introduced
machines taking the place of hands ~ created factory system.
~ first factories built by water until Arkwright built first steam powered
CHAPTE 12 SECTION 1
1. Which of the following is an accurate statement about American education in the early 1800s?
CORRECT: Many people were not educated.
EXPLANATION: In the early 1800s, poor children generally received no education outside the home.
Chapter 14, Section 1 GROWING TENSIONS OVER SLAVERY
Vast territory acquired during Mexican Cession reignited controversy over slavery.
Wilmot Proviso proposal (never became law) to ban slavery in acquired territory
Controversy over pr
Chapter 21, Section 1 The Road to War
Imperialism, nationalism and a complex alliance system helped spark war in
June 28, 1914 Austro-Hungarian heir to throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand
assassinated by Serbian.
July 29, 1914 Austria-Hungary decla
Chapter 19-20 Vocabulary
1. civil service: a system that includes most government jobs, except elected
positions, the judiciary, and the military
2. primary: an election in which voters, rather than party leaders, choose their
Chapter 16, Section 1 Rebuilding the Nation
Reconstruction bringing North & South back together.
President Lincoln & Congress did not agree on process.
goal was to bind wounds quickly.
10% plan & amnesty for former Confederate leaders.
Chapter 21-22 Questions
1. Imperialism, nationalism and a complex alliance system helped spark war in
3. At first, President Woodrow Wilson sought to keep the U.S. out of the war, so he
issued neutrality policy. Meanwhile, British used pro
Chapter 23-24 Questions
Pg. 770 #2-4
2. Understand how the Great Depression started.
The overproduction is one major cause of the Great Depression. Since factories were
producing more than people could afford to buy and the prices were rising faster than
Chapter 25-26 Vocabulary
1. iron curtain: a way of referring to a barrier to understanding and information
2. satellite: a nation that is dominated politically or economically by a more
3. containment: to contain, or limit, Soviet expansio
Chapter 23, Section 1 Hoover and The Crash
* Series of economic weaknesses led to collapse of stock market coal mining,
railroads, clothing manufacture and agriculture declined
* October 29, 1929 (Black Tuesday) stock market crumbled completely investors
Chapter 27 Vocabulary
1. Ho Chi Minh: a Communist who organized a revolt to end French colonial rule.
2. domino theory: If one country fell to the Communists, it was thought that
neighboring countries would follow.
3. Ngo Dinh Diem: the leader of South Vi
Chapter 25, Section 1 Roots of the Cold War
Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity
* After war, nation had to shift back to peacetime economy passed GI Bill of Rights
(gave veterans money to spend)
soaring inflation occurred demand far exceeded supply
Chapter 27, Section 1 The War Begins
* 1954, leader of Vietnams independent movement, Ho Chi Minh (Communist) freed
N. Vietnam from French rule.
U.S. supported French because they wanted to stop spread of Communism and
feared domino theory
Chapter 23-24 Vocabulary
1. overproduction: a situation in which the supply of manufactured goods exceeds
2. bankruptcy: financial failure caused by a companys inability to pay its debts
3. default: fail to repay their loans
4. bonus: extra pay