CH. 9 Notes
9-1 WHat Role Do Humans Play in the Loss of Species and Ecosystem Services?
Colony collapse disorder (CCD): bees leave their colonies at winter and never return
Biological extinction: species is no longer found on earth
Trophic cascade: Loss o
3-1 How Does the Earths Life-Support System Work?
1. Main systems: atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere
2. Atmosphere (air): A thin spherical envelope of gases surrounding the earths
a. Troposphere: inner layer; the air we breath
CH 5 APES
5-1 How Do Species Interact?
Five basic types of interactions among species:
1. Interspecific competition: members of 2+ species interact to use the same
a. Usually, one species becomes more efficient at obtaining
8-1 What Is The General Nature of Aquatic Systems?
71% of earth covered by saltwater, 2.2% covered by freshwater
Global ocean divided into: Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, Indian Oceans = 98% of earths water
Pacific = largest ocean
Aquatic life zones - biomes
CH 4 APES
4-1 What is biodiversity and why is it important?
Biodiversity: variety of the earths species, the genes they contain, the ecosystems they
live in, and the ecosystem processes
Species diversity: # and variety of the species present in an ecosyst
APES CH. 1 Notes
1-1 What Are Some Principles of Sustainability?
Sustainability: The ability for both the earth and human systems to adapt and prosper in the changing
1. Environmental Science is a Study of C
CH 7 APES
7-1 What Factors Influence Climate?
Weather: set of physical conditions of the lower atmposhpere over a given area in a
period of hours or days
Climate: general pattern of atmospheric conditiions in a given area over long periods of
CH 6 APES Notes
6-1 How Do Environmental Scientists Think about Human Population Growth?
Demographers: population experts that recognize three important growth trends
1. Rate of pop. growth slowed recently but world pp. Is still growing
2. Human pop. grow
Oya, S.-i., Kanno, D., Watanabe, H., Tamura, M., Nakagawa, Y. and Tomishige, K. (2015),
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A research team i
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converted directly to methanol fuel for the first time: Research could one day create a sustainable
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Winkelmann, R., Levermann, A., Ridgwell, A., & Caldeira, K. (2015). Combustion of available
fossil fuel resources sufficient to eliminate the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science Advances, 1(8), 1-5.
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University of Minnesota. (2016, February 8). Secondary tropical forests absorb carbon at higher
rate than old-growth forests: Researchers find that regenerated tropical forests exhibit a high
level of resilience and play a much larger role
Abuse Of Carbon Credit Scheme Might Have Increased Carbon Emissions By
600 Million Tonnes
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty
Inderscience. (2016, March 10). Cutting cattle carbon: Bad breath and flatulence. ScienceDaily.
Retrieved March 20, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160310112059.htm
From the article originated from Inderscience, it
KU 13 - Population
American Statistical Association. (2015, August 10). World population likely to surpass 11 billion in
2100: US population projected to grow by 40 percent over next 85 years. ScienceDaily. Retrieved
December 17, 2015 fr
El Nio What It Will Bring This Year And How It Could Change With
As California is faced with one of the most severe drought recorded,
Weise, E. (2014, December 5). Diseases on the move because of climate change. Retrieved
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Valley Fever, which is a disease caused by a soil f
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An reptile researcher named Russell
KU 15 - Nonrenewable Energy
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. (2015, November 19). Crack it! Energy from a fossil fuel
without carbon dioxide. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 16, 2015 from
Iowa State University. (2015, September 23). Human activity affecting microbes in soil.
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KU 14 - Renewable Energy
Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). (2015, November 25). Next-generation fuel cells
are ready for low-emission electricity production.ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2015
Daniel W., Infante D., Hughes R., Tsang Y., Esselman P., Wieferich D., Herreman K., Cooper A.,
Wang L., Taylor W. Characterizing coal and mineral mines as a regional source of stress to
stream fish assemblages. Ecological Indicators, 2
American Heart Association. (2015, November 8). Taking public transportation instead of
driving linked with better health. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 6, 2016 from
Barnosky, A., Lindsey, E., Villavicencio, N., Bostelmann, E., Hadly, E., Wanket, J., & Marshall,
C. (2015). Variable impact of late-Quaternary megafaunal extinction in causing ecological state
shifts in North and South America. Pr
American Society for Microbiology. (2013, May 31). Microbial changes regulate function of
entire ecosystems. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 18, 2016 from
Also from www.asm.org/images/C