a.1. Review the geochemical cycles for carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water.
Explain how the properties of the carbon atom and arrangement of carbon skeletons
relate to the incredible diversity and complexity of organic molecules.
Due to the carbon ato
Actual Grace- the supernatural, free, and underserved help from God that is given for
specific circumstances to do food and avoid evil.
Amorality- an attitude that lacks any moral orientation.
Beatitude- happiness or blessedness, especially the eternal ha
Religion Chp 4 Vocab
Abstinence: a penitential (constituting or expressing penance or penitence) practice
consisting in abstaining from the use of certain kinds of food. Also from refraining
from sexual activity either before marriage or within marriage f
The sacrament of holy matrimony is at the service of communion
Matrimony joins a man and woman in
A covenant for life
A holy union created by God
Matrimony is endowed with special graces, helping the couple to
Perfect and sanctify their love
Chp 5 notes
Jesus gives the sick the graces needed to face illness and death.
Jesus used the power of touch to perform his miracles. He touched his
followers both in body and soul. Jesus healed sacramentally
Jesus mission was not to remove all suffering f
By John Steele
WARNING: We can be killed from amylase or
pepsins if believed to be a protein. We could
WARNING: We can be killed from amylase or
be used for nutrients. Constipation could
pepsins if belie
Chapter 4 Religion Notes: Moral Conscience
What is a conscience
o A judgment of reason that causes the human person to recognize the
quality of a concrete act that he/she is going to perform, is in the
process of performing, or has already completed
1) Conscience and truth are closely related, your conscience is inferior to truth
because truth is rooted in your conscience and conscience came first
We are all born with a conscience
Allows you to
Sermon on the Mount
Law of the Gospel (also called The New Law and The Law of Love)
Kingdom of God
Kingdom of Heaven
The Our Father
Parables to know fro
An Ecological Context
How do the complex properties of life emerge from
the interaction of biological systems?
2.A.3 Organisms must exchange matter with the environment to grow, reproduce and maintain
How is the energy required to sustain life obtained through
the processes of photosynthesis and respiration?
2.A.1 All living systems require constant input of free energy.
2.A.2 Organisms capture and store fre
Unit 3 Study Guide
a.1. To maintain order, what must be constantly obtained by the living system?
a.2. Explain death in terms of order as well as the flow of free energy.
After something dies, it must decompose, its structure is literally deteriora
Unit 4 Study Guide
b. What factors affect the ability of the cell to obtain necessary resources or eliminate waste
Size of the cell (Surface area to volume ratio)
If the cell gets bigger, there will be less surface area compared to the area with
Unit 6 Study Guide
To maintain order, what must be constantly obtained by the living system?
Explain death in terms of order as well as the flow of free energy.
When something dies, they die because they are no longer receiving energy, therefore, t
Unit 5 Study Guide
Pose three questions related to evolution and cell communication.
Epinephrine stimulation of glycogen breakdown in mammals
Temperature determination of sex in some vertebrate organisms
DNA repair mechanisms
Describe how signal transduct
Unit 10 Study Guide
*Explain how each of the following regulatory sequences can affect gene expression.
Promoters- Regulates when transcription begins
Terminators- Regulates when transcription ends
Enhancers- Region of DNA that regulates the activation of
Unit 7 Study Guide
What are the similarities and differences between the chromosomes of most non eukaryotic
organisms and eukaryotic organisms.
Prokaryotes: Circular DNA (No nuclei)
Eukaryotes: Chromosomes (Have nuclei)
In terms of the scientists and thei
Unit 8 (From Genes to Proteins)
What types of molecules transmit information from one generation to the next?
Compare DNA and RNA, in terms of their structure and general functions.
DNA- is like a blueprint of biological guidelines that a livi
Unit 9 Study Guide
Haploid- cell has half the usual number of chromosomes.
Diploid- a cell or organism that has paired chromosomes
Nondisjunction- the failure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate
properly during cell di
AP Biology Summer Work
2a.1. Diagram the details of the major biogeochemical cycles
Water Cycle (How water is replenished)
Carbon Cycle (Released by the burning of fossil fuels and respiration, used up by
MIDTERM REVIEW GUIDE
Use this topic outline to review the major concepts of each unit. The Major
Connections are not major concepts learned in each unit, but represent connections to
other biology concepts that enriches each area.
UNIT 1: Biolo