Secession! Peaceable secession! Sir, your eyes and
mine are never destined to see that miracle.
SEVENTH OF MARCH SPEECH, 1850
The Popular Sovereignty Panacea
he year 1848, highlighted by a rash
and Its Legacy
Our manifest destiny [is] to overspread the continent
allotted by Providence for the free development of our
yearly multiplying millions.
JOHN L. OSULLIVAN, 1845*
The Accession of Tyler Too
Forging the National
The progress of invention is really a threat [to monarchy].
Whenever I see a railroad I look for a republic.
RALPH WALDO EMERSON, 1866
The Westward Movement
he new nation went bounding into the nineteenth century
The Second War for
Independence and the
Upsurge of Nationalism
The American continents . . . are henceforth not to be considered as
subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE, DECEMBER 2, 1823
On to Canada
PART T HREE
he Civil War of 1861 to
1865 was the awesome
trial by fire of American
nationhood, and of the
American soul. All Americans knew, said Abraham
Lincoln, that slavery was
somehow the cause of this
war. The war te
The Ferment of
Reform and Culture
We [Americans] will walk on our own feet; we will work
with our own hands; we will speak our own minds.
RALPH WALDO EMERSON, THE AMERICAN SCHOLAR, 1837
third revolution accompanied the reformation
from the Empire
These are the times that try mens souls. The summer soldier
and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service
of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and
thanks of man
The Rise of
a Mass Democracy
In the full enjoyment of the gifts of Heaven and the fruits of superior
industry, economy, and virtue, every man is equally entitled to protection
by law; but when the laws undertake to add to those natural and jus
PART T WO
y 1783 Americans had
won their freedom. Now
they had to build their country. To be sure, they were
blessed with a vast and fertile
land, and they inherited from
their colonial experience a
proud legacy of self-
New Ship of State
I shall only say that I hold with Montesquieu, that a government
must be fitted to a nation, as much as a coat to the individual; and,
consequently, that what may be good at Philadelphia may be bad at
The Revolution was effected before the war commenced.
The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people.
JOHN ADAMS, 1818
ictory in the Seven Years War made Britain the
master of a vastly enlarged imperial domain
The Triumphs and
Travails of the
Timid men . . . prefer the calm of despotism
to the boisterous sea of liberty.
THOMAS JEFFERSON, 1796
Federalist and Republican Mudslingers
n the critical presidential contest of 1800, t
American Life in the
Being thus passed the vast ocean, and a sea of troubles before in
their preparation . . . , they had now no friends to wellcome them,
nor inns to entertaine or refresh their weatherbeaten bodys, no
The Duel for
A torch lighted in the forests of America
set all Europe in conflagration.
VOLTAIRE, C. 1756
s the seventeenth century neared its sunset, a
titanic struggle was shaping up for mastery of
the North American continent
God hath sifted a nation that he might send
Choice Grain into this Wilderness.
WILLIAM STOUGHTON [OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY], 1699
lthough colonists both north and south were
bound together by a common language and a
of English America
. . . For I shall yet to see it [Virginia] an Inglishe nation.
SIR WALTER RALEIGH, 1602
three European powers planted three primitive outposts in three distant corners of the continent
within three years of one