Europeans History AP
11 November 2014
During the time period between 1918-1948, political and diplomatic confusion affected
the newly created Eastern European countries. In particular, Czechoslovakia and Pola
Heart of Darkness Part 1 STUDY GUIDE
1. Describe in detail the setting where the story begins.
The sunsets as the Nellie awaits at the Thames until the tides changes. On the
ship, five men conversate with each other. The atmosphere becomes eerie.
1.) What do you think is the
greatest environmental issue facing
the world? The U.S.?
2.) What is one thing most people could do
every day that would impact the environment in
a positive way (or lessen negative impacts)?
AP Test/Exam Prep: Free-
american economic assistance
integration 1957 Treaty of Rome EEC (common market) BENELUX
economic planning- keynesian economics
Imperialist country on decolonization
France faces political reform and expansion of suffrage
Louis Napoleon takes over and install the Second Republic, Empire Napoleon III
Napoleon III success in france spread throughout Europe
Habsburgs agree to fire Metternich during this
Peace of Lodi consisted of the 5 major Italian city-states that agreed to respect each
other in order to be stronger against France and the Ottoman Turks. Milan, Venice, Florence,
Naples, and Papal States/ Rome
Free army city-states hired mercenary(profes
despotisms is a form of government in which it holds absolute power
republics a form of government in which the citizens vote into power who will govern them. citizenship
is determined by age, sex, race, literacy and/or wealth
civic humanism- war, politic
Aristocracy/nobility- people are nobles by family lineage
they are rich because of land privileges
peasants are about 90%
middle ranks/ class primarily live in urban areas and are educated or professionals
feudalism- social structure that all men are crea
Crisis of the 14th Century
1. Plague originated from trade ships entering from the east through the silk road.
Human responses from the Black Plague
2. Crisis of the Medieval Papacy- Great Schism (1378- 1417)
Conciliar movementNew Heresies: The Lollards a
The Italian Renaissance
Northern and Central Italy
Flanders (modern day belgium and netherlands)
artists and scholars
Statues, buildings, and sculptures are commissioned by artists
LITERARY AND L
Bernini the most famous Baroque artist
Escorial outside of palace of Madrid. Church. Mausoleum. Palace of government
First bureaucratic king in Europe
Ottoman Turk from Eastern Mediterranean poses a threat to Europe.
Everything changed in my life when I freakishly broke my leg sophomore year.
My entire day was carefree. The day began with a meet and greet at the City
Bark Dog Park. The dews from t
p582 Map of Russian neighbors. south poland-catholic sweden-protestant russianorthodox ottoman turks-muslims
western expertise are hired in russia 17th century
german professional in russia in order to provide help
Peter the Great credited for westernizi
Northern Renaissance- christian renaissance outside of the italian peninsula
iberian peninsula and poland
Erasmus (1466-1536)- Praise of Folly 1509 he believed that every christian should be able to
read the Bibl3
in the reality of the 15th century, many
Zwingli - Zurich (1484-1531)
He maintained and aruged that he was not influenced by Luther. Erasmus.
Sola fide- faith
Preiesthood of all believers
Calvin- Geneva (1509-1564)
Luther- Wittenberg (1483-1546)
Luther vs. Zwingli
Catholic Reformation/counter reformation
Depends on how you view the
1545-1563 Council of Trent
Charles V was a devout Catholic who went to the Council of Trent to establish what was
Catholicism and to fix the corruption.
The Council of Trent upholds the
The Fronde uprising occurred in larger city.
2 aristocracy in France:
Nobility of the Sword - this class controls the armies and were proud of their heritage as fighters
Nobility of the Robe - benefited from the policy in 1604.
Emerging is the middle class
Prussia,Austria, and Russia are economically still and dependent on agriculture
economcy.Social structer is simpler
world dominated by aristocratic.
Burecratic that obey the gov. Courts-cetner of goverment
Mongols ruled for 20
Huguenots self-governed themselves by electing their own officials
French Intellect Montaigne- skepticism
Gustavus Adolphus king of Sweden. He won wars against t Russian,Danes, and Poland
Cardinal Richelieu was
Cardinal Richelieu becomes favorite of Louis XIII
The thirty years war was devestating to the German
Peace of Westphalia- Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism
Counter-reformation sought to stop the spread of Protestant religions.
French and Swedes gain
Army member purges Presbyterian from Parliament. What is left of the Parliament is known as
the Rump -small group how found King Charles I guilty of treason and executed him.
New Model Army- Oliver Cromwell
Taxation- Under Cromwell 11 year gov
1688- William and Mary. William III
Bill of Right 1689- Not to raise an army and levy taxes without Parliament. every 3 years
Monarchy doesn't not lose all of it power
Locke suggest that human personality was easy to change.
Montesquieu Persian Letters: Letter 37 (1721)
Excerpt description of Louis XIV
criticizes him as a vain. Self-centered
did not give proper rewards to good people and his servants
German confederation lead by austria and prussia.
gives poland the legislation of poland and generous laws.
conservatism was anti-revolution ideology. Group that held influence after the end of the French
Revolution until 1848
The republic of letters represented their community of intellectuals who shared sides. they
shared a belief in the power of reason
Philosophes considered that Traditional religious institution limited progress. The Catholic
church was the prime example of
Napoleon created the legion of honor in order to highlight the citizens that were considered elite.
Economic policy is mercantilism. 1806 the establishment of continental system- embargo on all
British goods. Military strategy was difficult thus he tried
Declaration of the Right of Man and Citizen
peasants resented taxes and aristocratic privileges (Especially hunting rights).
The lower clergy demand a bigger share of collected money in order to receive more salary.
What is the Third Estate written by Abb
Rousseau argues that a just society was either more democratic one or a authoritative one.
old regime used to politically describe absolute monarchy.
Estates-General - were diveided into 3 groups
First Estate- Clergy
Second Estate- Aristocracy
2.)No, because it is turning in a circle, and in order to turn in a circle there must be a centripetal
net force acting on the object, so the forces can not be balanced.
3.)Yes, acceleration is a change in velocity over a change in time. Velocity is s