The Congress of Vienna
Wednesday, August 31, 2016
Why was France defeated
Stretched his self too thin
Wasted energy and military might
Complete obliteration military that fought
Napoleon ran away back to paris to raise a new army
Unification of Italy
The unification of Italy need the help of a great power.
Crimean War effect
Concert system seemed to have been killed
Holy alliance evaporated
Russia retreated from international politics and started focusing on domestic issues
By the end of the 2nd opium war, china had been opened up by force.
Tokugawa Japan tried to maintain policy of closure to foreign war
Largely successful for 200 years
Found itself under increasing pressure by the west.
Matthew Perry from the US and
End of 19th Century
End of 19th century - Brit adopts policy towards US
Brit give US things to smooth the relations b/w them.
In 1902, brit signs alliance w/ Japan. Anglo-Japanese Alliance
Japan patrols brit interest in east asia. Come to brit aid, if the
The Conduct of War
Russi a focus interest in Balkans with increasing avarice
Austrians become more worried
1903 Serbian king (Alexander) is assassinated by serbian officers because he was too pro austrian.
Peter becomes new king.
Peter family and Alexande
The Ottoman Question
Underlying problem with Ottoman
Ottoman empire was in Europe, but could great powers even make and agreement
Constantinople was the capital of Ottoman Empire
At peak, included, north Africa, Balkans, up to Iraq and Saud
Unification of Germany
Most significant evet in 19th century (after napoleon wars)
Congress of Vienna
Expanded Prussian territory
Created German Confederation
In 1815, Austria was the dominant player in the german lands, but since the 1700s, Prussia gradu
Liberalism and Nationalism
Monday, September 12, 2016
Industrial revolution spread all over the west and changed traditional patterns of society
First major renovation was the railroad in the 1830s between Liverpool and Manchester
Sense of time an
Europe in the Early 19th century
Monday, August 29, 2016
What is a great power?= states that enjoyed preeminence.
What is a State?
Territory w/ clearly defined borders
Sovereignty: no other entity can dictate what happens wit
The Congress System and Challenges of
Wednesday, September 7, 2016
Congress of Vienna
Tried to prevent hegemony, revolution, war
Equalize the great 5 powers
Redrew the map of Europe to prevent conquest
Most influential powers (put in the mos
Bismarck wants to reinforce relations b/w Rusia, Austria, and Germany
Makes an alliance with only Austria because it was the weakest player
Dual Alliance 1879
Agree to help each other out if attacked by Russia (completely defensive)
Unification of Germany pt2
In order to really unite Germany, was to find a common enemy
But how to turn France into an enemy
Had to be 1 on 1 so other powers cant intervene
Picking a fight
Spanish thrown became vacant b
Marxism-Leninism and the Russian
1917, after 3 years of attrition and stalemate, the fronts of all the western powers began to crack.
In britain, because of German submarine warfare, food supply in Britain began to dwindle and
worries that the
Chinese manufactured good was important to westerns, especially tea.
Dominant player was brit-east india company but they needed to sell something in order to get the
They sold them opium (drug) and opium addiction spread around China and cause