R/O 964-971 Cold War IV
The most important historical European events in the 2nd half of the 20th c were the
withdrawal of Soviet influence in Eastern Europe and the internal collapse of the SU.
All other governments were erased in Europe earlier in the
R/O 881-886 Hitler and the Nazis
The German Weimar Republic of 1918 was a total political disaster that could not
effectively function nor serve its people
This was due to its defunct 37 party system in which so many powers fought over
petty things and
R/O 947-951 Cold War Cont.
The Middle East became a major point of the Cold War.
Britain had exercised control through mandates after WWI, but both the Zionist
movement and Arab nationalists challenged their control.
Israel was achieved through the Zioni
R/O 895-896, 902-910 The Road to War
After the fall of Austria Hungary many European states gained their independence for the
first time in centuries and were born into turmoil
The restoration of Poland and the creation of Czechoslovakia were starts to
R/O 838-844 Outbreak of the War
A Serbian assassin shoots and kills the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife in their carriage
which angered greatly the Austrian government whom looked to Germany for action
Germany already concerned with the Russians uses it
R/O 941-947 Cold War Era
From the end of WWII in 1945 until the collapse of communist regimes in Eastern
Europe between 1989-1991, the Soviet Union and the United States fought the Cold
War, both armed with nuclear weapons.
Dominated global politics and
R/O 873-878 Stalin Vs. Trotsky
The third international (Comintern) tried to make Bolsheviks a model for all socialist
parties, eventually splitting parties
Bolshevik victory made West Europe think about international socialism
21 conditions in the Thir
R/O 878-891 Fascist Rise in Italy
Fascism, the term came from the series of civil conflict in Italy with the rise of Benito
Mussolini who wanted to establish an authoritarian government
Fascism wanted to establish an anti-communist and middle class run
R/O 910-914 World War II
WWII was a global total war that would consume 60 millions lives and the humanity of
many nations throughout the world in order to put an end the fighting
3% of the worlds population died in WWII, with civilian casualties making
R/O 952-956 Cold War III
In 1956, three crises occurred in Egypt, Poland, and Hungary, each providing a trouble
spot for both the Allies and the SU, the first being in Egypt.
In July, President Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970) nationalized the Suez Canal,