Intro to Rocks with Focus on Igneous Rocks
Defined - aggregates of one or more minerals
Three Rock Types (based on their mode of origin)
Igneous: rocks crystallize from molten magma
Heating and melting of rocks for form magma
Plate Boundaries, evidence to support Plate Tectonics, Mechanisms of Motion
A. Moving apart
B. Sea Floor spreading at Oceanic Ridges
Ridge is a relative term
a. 2000-3000 m higher than surrounding sea floor
b. 1000-4000 km wide
Introduction to Earth Systems Science
Initial Comment: The earth is our home and habitat, without its abundant resources (air,
water, heat) we would not be in existence today.
The Earth is approximately 4.6 billion years old,
Earth Science 104 Earth System Science I
Table of Contents
Lab 1 Lab 2 Lab 3 Lab 4 Lab 5 Lab 6 Lab 7 Lab 8 Lab 9 MODELS AND SYSTEMS INVESTIGATING THE SOLAR SYSTEM LIGHT AND WAVE TRAVEL INTRODUCTION TO PLATE TECTONICS EARTHQUAKE
Introduction to Earthquakes and Seismology
Importance of Earthquakes
Death and Destruction
Turkey, Auguest, 1999
Mag. 7.4 quake
15,000 dead, 600,000 Homeless
15,000 more missing
16th Century China
The theory of plate tectonics is a recent development in the geological sciences,
really accepted by scientific community since the early 1960's.
Earlier in the century geologic paradigm was dominated by th
Earth Science 104
13 October 2011
Part I Chapter 2 Summary (Bill Bryson)
In my opinion, I think that, A Short History of Nearly Everything, written by Bill
Bryson is a very intriguing book, and easy to read. It
Earth Science 104
4 November 2011
Part III Chapter 12 Summary (Bill Bryson)
In this chapter, The Earth Moves, Bryson discusses the history of scientists and their
theories of earths movement. He discusses their credibili
Earth Science 104
1 December 2011
Part IIII Chapter 15 Summary (Bill Bryson)
Bryson begins the chapter about a man named Christiansen who was studying
Yellowstone history of volcanism. However, Christiansen couldnt find
Introduction to Minerals
Minerals and Basic Properties
Mineral - naturally occurring inorganic solid, consisting of atoms combined together as
chemical compounds, possessing a definable internal structure.
Rocks are composed of 1 or more mi
Earthquake Risks and Mitigation in Oregon
Yumei Wang, Oregon Dept. of Geology and Mineral Industries, summary of offprint from
"Environmental, Groundwater and Engineering Geology: Applications from Oregon", 1998.
ES104 Video Exercise on Plate Tectonics
Answer the following questions related to "Birth of a Theory" video.
1. What is "plate tectonics" and why is it important to geologists?
2. Who was Alfred Wegner and what was his contribution to geology?
3. What was
GS106 In-Class Exercise
Unit Algebra / Equation Problem Set
Part 1 - Unit Conversion
Here are some common conversion factors that you will need to solve the problems:
1 m = 100 cm
1 kg = 1000 g
1 m = 3.28 ft
1 yr = 365 day
1 m = 10
Seasons / Solar Radiation
Seasons / Colar Radiation
Red Shift / Blue Shift Stars
Scale of the Universe in Light Years
Time Perspectives (Origins)
GS104 Basics Review of General Science
Basic Observation (Data Collection = "Sensing the Environment")
Hypothesis / Working Model = a preliminary attempt at understanding a system
Processes - Interactions - Mechani
Matter, Atoms, Elements
I. MATTER, ELEMENTS, ATOMS
0. Matter- any material that occupies space and has mass.
1. Elements - all matter are made of elements, over 100 elements are known. Elements
include O, Au, Ag, N, H, C and have a unique,
Notes, Rules, and Tips on Technical Writing for Earth Science Students
Steve Taylor, Ph.D., Geology, Western Oregon University
(1) Follow directions, read them carefully, follow the prescribed outline.
(2) Do NOT use, AVOID, personal pronouns in technical
A Guide For Studying Physical Science
Follow these steps for maximum benefits from this course (and a high grade):
Attend Lecture and Lab every day!
Read the assigned text chapters and lab exercises BEFORE attending class.
Obtain a copy of the In
Mon. 11 AM-1 PM
Earth System Science Lab (ES 104 Lab)
POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
Fall Term 2007 - Western Oregon University
Wed. 11 AM -1 PM
Room 017 Natural Sciences Bldg.
INSTRUCTOR: Dr. S. Taylor
OFFICE: RM 210 Natural Sciences Bld
Volcanism and Igneous Processes
Volcanism- process by which magma, gas, and water are released from the interior of the
earth. Volcanic processes and eruptions often result in the spewing and build up of
volcanic material about a
GS104: The Earth in Context: Universe and Solar System
Astronomy- Study of the origin, evolution and composition of the universe, solar
system and planetary bodies.
Cosmology: origin of the universe
Astrogeology: comparison of extra-