Amphiarthrosis continuous slightly moveable joint
Appendicular bones of upper and lower limbs
Axial bones of the trunk (head, neck)
Coccyx lowest part of the vertebral column
Colles fracture of the radius
Comminuted bone fractured, splintered into many pi
1) Five major parts of a long bone are the: diaphysis, distal epiphysis, proximal epiphysis,
medullary cavity, and the periosteum.
2) Compact bone has a continuous matrix with no gaps. Spongy bone has thin layers of
1) The five types of sensory receptors are: chemoreceptors, pain receptors,
thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, and photoreceptors.
2) A sensation is a feeling as a result of the brain interpreting sensory impulses. The
1) The portions of the aorta are the: ascending aorta, arch of the aorta, and the descending
2) The vessels that arise from the aortic arch are the brachiocephalic artery, the left
common carotid artery, and the
1) Cardio output is affected by the volume of blood pumped out of the left ventricle during
2) Baroreceptors function to sense changes in blood pressure. Baroreceptors send
impulses to the medulla oblongat
1) Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood on the arterial walls when the heart is in
a state of contraction and relaxation.
2) Systolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart is in the state of contrac
1) Capillary walls are composed of endothelium and are semi permeable layers that allow
substances to flow through it. There are thin slits in the walls where the cells of the
2) The main function
1) The parasympathetic impulses help control the heart rate by secreting acetylcholine
which decreases SA and AV nodal activity. This results in the decrease in heart rate.
Sympathetic impulses control the heart rate b
1) The cardiac conduction system is made up of specialized cardiac muscle tissue. This
tissue contains only a few myofibrils, and distributes the impulse throughout the
2) The cardiac impulse is initiated i
1) The skeleton of the heart is made up of dense rings of connective tissue and fibrous
2) The bloods path in the heart is as follows. It begins in the right atrium, passes to the
right ventricle, then to the lu
1) The heart is located in the mediastinum, between the lungs, in front of the vertebral
column, and behind the sternum.
2) The visceral pericardium is the inner lining that covers the heart itself. Parietal
1) The cells that communicate in the nervous system are nerve cells, or neurons. They
deliver information in the form of electrochemical changes, or nerve impulses.
2) The major subdivisions of the nervous system are t
Check Recall pg 198
1) The name of a muscle offers much information about it. It may describe its location, size,
shape, action, or direction of its fibers.
2) The muscles that provide facial expressions include the: epicranius, orbicular
1) ATP is regenerated from ADP and phosphate. Creatine phosphate makes this process
2) Red cells carry oxygen used in aerobic respiration.
3) When lactic acid accumulates in the body, an oxygen debt develops,
pg 175 (1)
1) Connective tissue is an integral part of skeletal muscle. The connective tissue surrounds
the skeletal muscle, holds it in position, and separates it from other skeletal muscle
2) The skeletal muscle fib
1) The bones of the lower limb are the: femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, and
phalanges. These bones are located in the leg, thigh, ankle, and foot.
2) The bones of the lower limb articulate with eac
1) The bones of the upper limb are the humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and
phalanges. They form the arm, forearm, wrist, and hand in humans.
2) The bones of the upper limb articulate with one another via n
Check Recall pg 147
1) The thoracic cage is composed of the ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, and costal
2) True ribs are the first seven pairs of ribs. They are joined to the sternum directly by
costal cartilages. The other f
1) The bones of the cranium are:
a. Frontal located above the eyes
b. Parietal on each side of the side behind the frontal bone
c. Occipital located at the back of the skull and the base of the cranium
d. Temporal - lo
Check Recall pg 106
1) Muscle tissues are elongated cells that can shorten. When they contract, the muscle
fibers pull at the attached ends. This moves body parts. There are three types of muscle
tissue: skeletal, smooth, and cardiac.
Check Recall pg 102
1) Connective tissue bind structures, support and protect, serve as frameworks, fill in
spaces, store fat, produce blood cells, protect against infections, and help repair tissue
damage. Connective tissues have a matri
Check Recall pg 92
1) A tissue is composed of groups of cells that perform the same particular function/s.
2) The four major tissue types are: epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue.
1) Epithelial tissues are characterized by t
Check Recall pg 79
1) A metabolic pathway is a sequence of enzyme-controlled reactions.
2) A rate-limiting enzyme is an enzyme that is the first enzyme in a series.
Check Recall pg 83
1) The function of DNA is to hold the information nece
Check Recall pg 78
1) During glycolysis, 6-carbon sugar glucose is broken down into two pyruvic acid
molecules. This reaction results in a net gain of 2 ATP molecules and the release of
electrons. These pyruvic acid molecules are then use
Check Recall pg 77
1) Energy is the capacity to do work. In anatomy in refers more to the ability to rearrange
2) The burning process involves applying heat to chemicals, which burns them and breaks
their bonds, resulting in th
Check Recall pg 76
1) An enzyme is a complex molecule that lowers the activation energy of chemical
reactions. This allows reactions to happen that would not normally happen without the
presence of the enzyme.
2) An enzyme detects its sub
pg 75 Check Recall
1) The function anabolism is to buildup larger molecules from smaller ones. Anabolism
provides the chemicals for cell repair and growth via dehydration synthesis. The function
of catabolism is to break down larger molec
pg 70 Critical Thinking
2) A mechanism that could be used to transport more glucose into a liver cell is active
transport. Since glucose is a polar molecule it will not readily diffuse across the cell
membrane. In order to transp
Check Recall pg 69
1) It is vital that the nuclear material divide precisely during mitosis because each new cell
must have a complete and accurate set of genetic material in order to function properly
2) The followi