The Solution Process
Factors that Affect the Rate of
Increased Surface Area
Dissolution only occurs on the surface of a
solute, so crushing or grinding the solute will
increase the rate of dissolution.
Agitation causes the molecu
What is Concentration?
The concentration of a solution refers to the
amount of solute in a given amount of solvent.
We can express concentration generally by
using the terms dilute and concentrated
Dilute means that there is a
Ions and Ionic
anion: a () ion
ion: a charged particle
(i.e., a charged atom or
group of atoms)
cation: a (+) ion
- more e than p+
- more p+ than e
- formed when a cation
atoms lose e
Anions are negative ions.