GeneticExam 1 Review
Know the significant contributions that were made by the following scientists:
-Mendel, Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty, William Harvey
Terms: Allele, Genomics, Proteomics, Bioinformatics, Transcription, Translation
Know the str
- Recessive traits typically (but not always) skip generations
- Recessive autosomal traits appear equally in both sexes.
- If you have a recessive autosomal trait than your parents are either
o Both carriers
o One is a carrier and on
IF YOU ASK ME FOR THE KEY, I WILL .YOU!
PCB3063 Genetics Final Exam Spring 2009
1. Chromosomes, colored bodies, are composed of proteins and DNA. In
human somatic cells there are 23 chromosome pairs. In human
somatic cells there are _ nuclear DNA molecule
Living things tend to reproduce. They make more living
things similar to themselves. Genetics is the study of the
rules of inheritance.
Although the tendency of offspring to resemble their parents has
been generally recognized for tho
Chapter 1 2
The Eukaryotic Chromosome
This chapter describes the structure of eukaryotic chromosomes and how that structure affects
function. The very long, linear DNA molecules are compacted with proteins in the chromosomes to
Chapter Nine: Chromosome Variation
*1. List the different types of chromosome mutations and define each one.
Deletion: loss of a portion of a chromosome
Duplication: addition of an extra copy
The Molecular Basis of
Overview: Lifes Operating Instructions
DNA directs the development of:
Behavioral traits (to some extent)
Prior to the double-helix
Chapter Twelve: DNA Replication and Recombination
What is semiconservative replication?
In semiconservative replication, the original two strands of the double helix serve
as templates for new strands of DNA. When r
Chapter Eleven: Chromosome Structure and Transposable Elements
How does supercoiling arise? What is the difference between positive and negative
Supercoiling arises from topoisomerases catalyzing the
Chapter Seventeen: Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes
List some important differences between bacterial and eukaryotic cells that affect
the way in which the genes are regulated.
a. Bacterial genes are freque
Chapter Ten: DNA: The Chemical Nature of the Gene
What three general characteristics must the genetic material possess?
(1) The genetic material must contain complex information that encodes the