what you should observe in the empirical world derived from a theoretical
argument). These are as follows: 1. Democracy is more common in rich countries
than in poor countries. 2. Transitions to dictatorship become less likely as wealth
increases. While t
Graeme Duncam (ed.)
Gyan Singh Sandhu
Jeremy Waldron (ed.)
B. A. (lions.) Politcal Science
C. Macpherson '
The Politcal Theory of Possessive Individualism, Oxford, Clarendon, Press, 1973.
Politics in China, London, Chambers, 1991.
B.A. (Hons.) Political Science
Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, 10th edn.,
London, Macmillan, 1959. Finer H.
Government, London, Methuen, 1969.
UNIT-II: Institution of State.
Essential Elements of State.
Origin of State with Special Reference to the Theory of Social Contract.
Nature & Functions of the State (Liberal & Marxist Perspective).
'N IT-III: Sovereignty, Citizenship and Rights.
Intervention Free market
Figure 3.5: Strategic behaviour with coalition government formation.
3.6 Strategic voting in the UK and the Netherlands All this may seem a little
abstract, so it is usefu
B.A. (lions.) Political Science
Planning and Social Welfare Administration.
Impact of Globalization on Administration: New Public Management Paradigm.
Ashraf & S. N. Mishm
Public Administration: A New Paradigm, New
Sprouts vs. Seeds Lab Analysis
#2. A. Respiration Rates
#2 B. For germinating 20 respiration rate, I chose to use the start and end points because it describes the
ORIGIN OF NEW SPECIES
C Can be sympatric or allopatric
C Allopatry (involving geographic
separation) is most common.
Example: chipmunk populations in
the Grand Canyon.
Allopatry begins with isolation,
followed by different selection
pressure. If reproduct
Unit 3: Biochemistry and Cell Structure
o Non-polar Covalent Bonds:
Electrons being shared are being shared equally between the two atoms
Polar Covalent Bonds: One atom has a greater electro
C, H & O: One carbon for every H2O!
Thats how it got its name.
The monosaccharides (C6H12O6)
glucose, galactose or fructose
hydroxyl or alcohol group
Fruits, vegetables, grains (rice, w
CELLS, CELLS, CELLS AND CELL PARTS!
Cell HW #2
Fill in the chart below, noting which types of cells have which organelles. If the cell has the organelle, place an
X in the box. If it doesnt, leave the box blank. If the organelle occurs occasionally,
Whats Your ?
(osmosis and diffusion lab)
Hypothesis (and a rationale for it)
See lab manual for details
Why must you a) carefully tie and b) leave excess space in your dialysis tubing?
HW #1 Biomolecules Chart
Main role(s) in body
(names + structure)
(names + structure)
(names + structure)
BIOMOLECULES MADE EASY!
II-YEAR, B.A. (HONS.) POLITICAL SCIENCE
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
(with Special Reference to India)
I I [-YEAR, B.A. (HONS.) POLITICAL SCIENCE
GOVERNMENT AND POLI
1990 1995 2000 2005
Average Polity Score
b. Asia, the Pacific, Africa and the Middle East Figure 2.2: Patterns of democracy in
different regions of the world.
To appreciate the usefulness of locating political preferences in two dimensions it
is apposite to look at how such an approach locates the classical political
ideologies. For our purposes, we can think of an ideology as a coherent worldview
about how the
and remain democratic explain why your adopted country either became a
democracy, or remained only partially democratic, or has switched between
democracy and authoritarian government.
172 Introduction to political science
2.8 Sample examination questi
they reform the system they may lose some privileges, but at least they will not be
fatally undermined through revolution. The final factor is the cost of repression
that the political elites experience in order to maintain a non-democracy. Based on
of preference formation. Attempting to capture how preferences formed in a postindustrial society, Kitschelt (1994) made a distinction between individuals who had
people processing jobs and individuals who had data processing jobs. He argued
that people f
Voter A will reflect on the position of Party X and Party Y. After calculating that
Party X is closer to their ideal point, this will be voter As preferred party. High
Intensity of Preference
Party Y Party Y Voter A Voter B
Figure 3.3: Spatial theory
outcomes discuss the difference between theoretical explanations which focus
on the rational behaviour of political actors and explanations which focus on the
role of institutions and society discuss the difference between qualitative and
the present day. Based on this graph we can say that it is a mistake to assume
democracy was the dominant form of political organisation prior to this very
recent history. Rather, for most of modern political history the world was governed
by other forms
Mushtaq Ahmad Government and Politics in Pakistan, Space Publishers, 1970.
Nitishtay Ahmad Government and Politics in Pakistan, Pakistan Publishing
Nelson B. andiN. Chowdhary
Women and Politics Worldwide, Delhi, Oxford
University Press, 1997.
George Sorenson and Robert Jackson Introduction to International Relations,
Oxford University Press, 1999.
The Control of the Amis Race, New York, Praeger, 1961. Morgenthau
Politics Among Nations, 6th edn., revised by K.W. Thomson, New Delhi
3.7 Conclusion Voting behaviour has changed markedly since the 1960s. Voters no
longer vote on the basis of strong party attachments related to social cleavages,
but rather voters now tend to vote on the basis of judgments made on certain
issues of salien
Structural-Functional Analysis & System Analysis.
UNIT-II: United Kingdom.
Historical Legacy and Political Traditions.
Constitutional Patterns, Political Institutions, and Socio-Economic Dimensions.
Legislative, Executive, Judiciary.
Public Administration as a Developing Dischiline: Perspectives on Past, Present
and Future, New Marcel Dekker, 1977.
Public Administration in Theory and Practice, Latest Edition.
Public Administration in 21st Century Challenges fin- Good Governance, New
little opposition to PAP rule and little pressure for political change (2006, p.10).
2.5.4 Tunisia In the sixteenth century the Ottoman Empire focused on forcefully
securing territories in North Africa and in 1574 it gained control of Tunisia. While
elections. Nonetheless, we can still say that approximately 20 per cent of voters
voted for a party that was not their first preference in the last four UK general
2005 Party voted for Party first Lab Con LD Other preference (%) (%) (%) (%) Tot