Primates are very easy to identify if you know what you're looking for in a primate. They have
arboreal adaptation (adaptations due to living in trees), dietary plasticity (they eat a large variety of
foods) and parental
What is strata?
What is a phylogeny?
Is the fossil record complete? Why or why not?
Is it easy to become a fossil? Why or why not?
What is taphonomy?
Millions of years ago there was one supercontinent called _. This has broken apart
Writing Assignment #1
Primates and humans share about 96% of DNA. Those few percents are a big difference though.
It is why we look and act differently. While we are different to primates we still share many
similarities. Over time, many stud
Extra Credit for Midterm
What are examples of how humans have used primates in research that benefits human health
The research done on primates has not only helped us better understand human health and disease but it
1. What can studying primates, including their social behaviors and
intelligence, tell us about ourselves? Why is this important to study?
We study primates for many reasons. Primates are our closest
relative on the tree of life. We share close to 99% of
Give an example of a homology:
The thumb of a gorilla and a human
and an analogy:
wing of a bird compared to the wing of a fly
What is a shared derived feature?
a derived feature is a trait present in a few species of a gr
Was Homo erectus a hunter? How do we know? If he could hunt, what technique would he use and
how does bipedalism affect this?
Yes, Homo erectus were hunters. However, compared to other predators at the time, they were
relatively weak. The homo erectus hun
1. Explain (from lecture), how not taking antibiotics properly demonstrates natural selection and
creates drug resistance?
Natural selection stipulates that, within a population: more lifeforms are created than can survive,
limited resources leads to comp
What is the scientific purpose of forensic anthropology?
Forensic anthropologists aid in criminal investigations, where a normal criminal investigator would not
be adequate for gathering enough evidence to close a case. They can help identify skeletal rem
Root-Bernstein had a student that was under the impression that male skeletons would
have one less pair of ribs then female skeletons. To support her hypothesis, this student
quoted Genesis, in that God created Eve from a rib bone of Adam. Root-Bernstein
ICA: La Brea Tar Pit Fossils
What was the weather like at the tar pits during the Pleistocene? How did they use microfossils and
insects to tell?
Climate during the Pleistocene was marked by varying periods of glaciation followed by warm
There have been a few hypothesizes posed to explain the cause of bipedalism.
Some paleontologists believe that earths colder climate, 7 Mya, lead to a change in the
ecology and landscape of earth. Because of a rise in glaciation, se
1. What is bushmeat hunting? Why is it so harmful to primate populations?
Bushmeat is wildlife that is hunted and eaten from a forest. This wild life includes: Gazelles,
Capybara, monkeys, birds, rodents, primates and apes. It is hunt
NOVA First Primates
1. How is the emergence of primates connected to the dinosaurs?
Paleontologist have found evidence that primates evolved from Plesiadapiforms. They were a tiny
mouse-like creature, that had a better opportunity to survive, but only aft
Like most primates,
are able to carry out