Unit 6 Essay Outlines
The Supreme Court ruled in Barron v. Baltimore (1833) that the Bill of Rights did not apply to the states. Explain how the
Court has interpreted the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the states. In your answer, briefly
Chapter 21 Summary
In this chapter, we discuss subnational government with an eye toward two important
characteristics: revitalization and diversity. Since the early 1960s, the states have become revitalized in their institutions, their
Chapter 19 Summary
The increasing speed of technological advance creates special problems for government and for policymakers. Medical
technologies have changed the basic approach to medical care; their cost has transformed the American medic
Chapter 14 Summary
The central political issue for many years has been how to pay for policies that most people support. A budget is a
policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures). Over the past 30 years, the nationa
Chapter 10 Summary
Elections socialize and institutionalize political activity, making it possible for most political participation to be peacefully channeled
through the electoral process. Because elections provide regular access to politica
Unit 4 Reading Questions
1. What career did most congressmen have before being elected to Congress?
2. What is substantive representation?
a. Representing the interests of groups
3. Why do senators hold a greater risk of not being reelec
Chapter 11 Interest Groups
1. What is the difference between an Interest Group and a Political party?
a. Interest group: an organization of people with shared policy goals entering the
policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals.
CHAPTER 10 - Elections and Voting Behavior
A universally accepted election is also called?
The process before the convention where candidates vie for the political party
Chapter 8 Political Parties
1. What is Rational Choice Theory?
a. A popular theory in political science to explain the actions of voters as well as
politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their own best interest, carefully
weighing the costs and b
What is the specific objective of the presidential nomination process?
a. Campaign strategy the master game plan candidates lay out to guide their
What state holds the first presidential caucus?
What is a cauc
What is demographics?
a. The science of population changes
What areas of the United States have a population growth increase?
a. California, Texas (moving to the Sunbelt, immigration)
What areas have shrinking p
Chapter 7 - Mass Media and the Political Agenda
Who is included in the mass media?
a. Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication
What two pres
25. What is the case of Texas v. Gregory Lee Johnson about? United States v. Eichman?
a. Texas v. Johnson established that burning the flag violated the law. In US v.
Eichman, however, the Supreme Court found the act an impermissible
56) Compare and contrast dual federalism and cooperative federalism.
a) Dual federalism: A system of government in which both the states and the national
government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some
Unit 1 Review Questions
1. What are the two central questions of Government?
a. How should we govern?
b. What should government do?
2. What are the six functions of Government?
a. Maintain a national defense
b. Provide public services
c. Preserve order
AP GOV Unit 4 FRQs
A. Commander in chief, power to send troops
Receive Ambassadors and other public ministers
B. Declare War
C. President has access to media
D. Access to media- president can persuade public to agree w