1) Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition?
A) Nutrition is the study of how food nourishes the body.
B) Nutrition encompasses how we consume, digest, metabolize, and store food.
C) Nutrition is an ancient scie
1) Which of the following statements MOST accurately describes MyPlate?
A) a visual model of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
B) a graphic representation of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
C) a pyramid-shaped o
1) What percentage of an adult's healthy body weight is fluid?
A) 50 to 30
C) 50 to 70
D) 50 to 90
Page Ref: 228
2) What is the function of synovial fluid?
A) maintains blood volume
B) transports nu
1) Which of the following carbohydrates is the end product of photosynthesis?
Page Ref: 108
2) Carbohydrates contain
A) carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous.
1) A body weight that exceeds 100% of the normal standard for a given height is called
C) morbid obesity.
D) severe obesity.
Page Ref: 371
2) Which of the following does NOT def
1) What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat?
Page Ref: 186
2) What dictates the structure of a protein molecule synthesized by the body?
1) Which of the following describes lipids?
A) organic nutrients that are insoluble in water
B) inorganic nutrients that are insoluble in water
C) organic nutrients that are insoluble in fat
D) inorganic nutrients that are insolu
1) The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and
Page Ref: 40-41
2) One teaspoon of salt contains about how many mg of so
1) Which of the following BEST describes exercise?
A) any movement produced by muscles that increases energy expenditure
B) maximal force or tension level that can be produced by a muscle group
C) leisure physical activity that i
1) The development of which system is particularly dependent on adequate consumption of fat
during the toddler years?
Page Ref: 542
2) The most common nutrie
1) Inadequate intake of which nutrient during the first few weeks of pregnancy is associated with
neural tube defects in the fetus?
Page Ref: 502
2) The point at wh
1) Which of the following is NOT a benefit of a Calorie-restricted (CR) diet?
A) The reduced metabolic rate results in a significantly lower production of free radicals.
B) The reduced caloric intake results in reduced oxidative
Overview:In this assignment, you will evaluate fast food meals that you
create from three different restaurants. We are focusing on calories and fat
for this assignment but you are encouraged to look at protein, carbohydrates
and sodium le
Chapter 4 Diet Activity
1. My percent of my average calorie intake come from carbohydrates is 48%.
2. 48% is between the range of Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range
(AMDR), which is 45% to 65%.
3. My three-day average in
I selected a food guide with those suffering with gastroparesis. My wife was
diagnosed last year with gastroparesis and had a strict food guide she has to
follow. Gastroparesis is a disease of the nerves controlling the muscles that
causes the muscles to
When eating at a restaurant portion sizes can be very large. You can go to any fast food
restaurant and you always asked Small, Medium or Large. Eating fast food is bad enough then
you increase your portion size from Small to Large it adds more fat and ca
1) A dietary supplement would NOT contain
A) vitamins and minerals.
B) herbs or other botanicals.
C) amino acids.
D) soil samples.
Page Ref: 361
2) Who is responsible for determining the safety and effica
1) More than what percentage of the U.S. population is estimated to have symptoms of
foodborne illness without knowing or reporting it?
A) over 20 percent
B) over 30 percent
C) over 50 percent
D) over 75 percent
1) Infants and children who suffer from malnutrition have a higher mortality rate as a result of
A) starving to death because of the lack of food.
B) decreased resistance to infectious diseases.
C) diarrhea due to drinking unsani
1) Some of the earliest research on the fetal origins theory took place in
B) South Africa.
D) the Netherlands.
Page Ref: 537
2) According to certain studies, exposure of a fetus to f
1) Which of the following MOST accurately describes disordered eating?
A) a psychiatric condition that requires a physician's diagnosis
B) any condition in which one's eating behavior changes more than six times per year
1) The spongy bone that is found within the ends of long bones is called
Page Ref: 292-293
2) Which of the following is FALSE about trabecular bone?
1) What is the primary role of the B-vitamins?
A) provide the body with energy
B) act as coenzymes
C) maintain and repair body tissues
D) maintain acid-base balance
Page Ref: 328
2) The first B-vitamin di
1) Obesity is NOT associated with an increased risk of
B) cardiovascular disease.
D) type 1 diabetes.
Page Ref: 403
2) Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for metabol
1) The smallest physical units of a substance are
C) free radicals.
Page Ref: 256
2) Carbon and hydrogen are two examples of
1) Which of the following does NOT increase the risk of developing osteoporosis?
B) moderate alcohol consumption
C) low dietary intake of calcium
D) high caffeine consumption
Page Ref: 320-321
1) At what stage in the development of cancer do the cancerous cells grow out of control and
invade surrounding tissues?
Page Ref: 282
2) Which of
1) Which of the following groups are the MOST vulnerable to dehydration?
A) pregnant women and the elderly
B) adolescents and children
C) infants and pregnant women
D) infants and the elderly
Page Ref: 251
1) The human body can synthesize which two fat-soluble vitamins?
A) vitamin B12 and vitamin C
B) vitamin D and vitamin K
C) vitamin E and vitamin A
D) thiamin and niacin
Page Ref: 217
2) Which of the foll
1) What is the leading cause of death in the United States?
B) heart disease
Page Ref: 176
2) An optimal systolic blood pressure reading would be less than
A) 60 mm Hg.