The great issues of national diplomacy and military policy are shaped by majoritarian politics. The
president is the dominant figure, political ideology is important, and interest groups are central only to
those issuessuch as free trade or the
Welfare policy in the United States can be explained primarily in terms of who benefits, who pays, and
citizens beliefs about social justice. None of these factors is static. Who will benefit from or pay for a
program varies as the society and
Congress versus Parliament
During the 1970s party polarization was very much the exception to the rule.
Some scholars insist that the disappearing center in Congress reflects partisan and
ideological divisions am
Environmental issues illustrate all four styles of policymaking.
Entrepreneurial politics: An unorganized public benefits at the expense of a well-organized
group. The controversy surrounding global warming and the success of activists seeking
Alexander Hamilton saw the courts as being the least dangerous branch of government because
it could not command the sword as the president, nor command the purse strings like
By the middle of the 19th century,