Kinematics in OneDimension
When are total distance traveled and displacement the same?
When are they different? When are average speed and average
velocity the same? When are they different?
An object moves only in one direction:
total distance traveled =
Force
Kinematics and Dynamics
Kinematic equations describe how an
object moves, but not why it moves.
v f vi at
x vi t 12 at
2
v2f vi2 2ax
Dynamics explains the source of
motion.
2
Properties of Forces
A force is a push or a pull
exerted on an object
by
148
Chapter 3 | Motion Along a Straight Line
Negative acceleration (sometimes called deceleration) is acceleration in the negative direction in the chosen
coordinate system.
3.4 Motion with Constant Acceleration
When analyzing one-dimensional motion wit
7x magnification
Vector
Bitmap
Example of Vector Art
Vectors
Vector Quantities
Scalar quantities: fully described by a number (and units)
Vector quantities: full description requires a number (and units) and a direction
Magnitude
velocity:
r
v = ( v, )
po
Chapter 14 | Fluid Mechanics
739
weight, the object will rise to the surface and float. If the buoyant force is less than the objects weight, the object
will sink. If the buoyant force equals the objects weight, the object can remain suspended at its pres
Chapter 13 | Gravitation
683
13.3 Gravitational Potential Energy and Total Energy
The acceleration due to gravity changes as we move away from Earth, and the expression for gravitational potential
energy must reflect this change.
The total energy of a s
Chapter 9 | Linear Momentum and Collisions
463
9.5 Collisions in Multiple Dimensions
The approach to two-dimensional collisions is to choose a convenient coordinate system and break the motion into
components along perpendicular axes.
Momentum is conser
Names _
Group # _
Date _
Experiment 1: Investigating Motion Position and Velocity
Part 1: Position-Versus-Time Graphs of Your Motion
OVERVIEW
In this lab you will discover how you can measure your motion with a motion detector and how
your motion looks as
KinematicsinTwoDimensions(2D)
DisplacementinTwoDimensions
x
t
2
DisplacementinTwoDimensions
x
t
y
t
3
DisplacementinTwoDimensions
x
t
y
t
y
x
4
DisplacementinTwoDimensions
r
r xi yj
y (m)
5
2
displacement vector
r
r
x (m)
20
A y vs x graph shows the
traje
Chapter 10 | Fixed-Axis Rotation
533
The total work done to rotate a rigid body through an angle about a fixed axis is the sum of the torques integrated
over the angular displacement. If the torque is a constant as a function of , then 8 "# # "
.
The
350
Chapter 7 | Work and Kinetic Energy
7.2 Kinetic Energy
The kinetic energy of a particle is the product of one-half its mass and the square of its speed, for non-relativistic
speeds.
The kinetic energy of a system is the sum of the kinetic energies o
Names _
Group # _
Date _
Experiment 2: Investigating Motion Changing Motion
Part 1: Velocity and Acceleration Graphs
OVERVIEW
In this lab you will explore how and when objects accelerate, the meaning of acceleration, its
magnitude and direction, and the r
1. (10 points) An object is moving with a constant speed of 2.00 m/s in the positive direction from t = 0 to t
= 5.00 s. At t = 0, the object is at the position x = 4.00 m. On the axes provided below, graph the position,
velocity and acceleration of this
MiraCosta College
Department of Physical Sciences
PHYS 253 Principles of Physics III
Term:
Class #:
Instructor:
Class Hours:
Spring Semester 2017
1668
Dr. Ken Reyzer ([email protected])
Lecture
TTh
3:00 4:15
Lab
TTh
4:30 5:45
Corequisites:
PHYS 152 Pr
Name _
PHYSICS 151 FALL 2015 FINAL EXAM
Please write clearly. Show all your work. No credit will be given for answers without
work. Arrange work so that the sequence of steps is clear and it is clear what work
goes with which part of the problem. Write an
Experiment 6: Force and Motion 1
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 6: Force and Motion
To find out
How to produce motion with a constant acceleration
The relationship between force and acceleration
Materials
DataStudio software and experiment files, com
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 9: Impulse and Momentum
BACKGROUND
In this lab you will investigate the relationship between impulse and momentum, examine
the forces in a one-dimensional collision, and see if momentum is conserved in onedimensional co
Experiment 8: Circular Motion 1
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 8: Dynamics of Circular Motion
BACKGROUND
Moving in a circle requires a force directed in towards the center. You will examine the
relationship between the radius of the circle, the speed
Name _
PHYSICS 151 FALL 2015 EXAM #5
Please write clearly. Show all your work. No credit will be given for answers without
work. Arrange work so that the sequence of steps is clear and it is clear what work
goes with which part of the problem. Write answe
Name _
PHYSICS 151 FALL 2015 EXAM #2
Please write clearly. Show all your work. No credit will be given for answers without
work. Arrange work so that the sequence of steps is clear and it is clear what work
goes with which part of the problem. Write answe
Name _
PHYSICS 151 FALL 2015 EXAM #1
Please write clearly. Show all your work. No credit will be given for answers without
work. Arrange work so that the sequence of steps is clear and it is clear what work
goes with which part of the problem. Write answe
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 7: Motion with Non-constant
AccelerationNumerical Methods
OVERVIEW
In this lab, you will learn to use a spreadsheet to do calculations, and to use numerical
methods to solve complicated problems.
You learned in class th
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 2: Investigating MotionChanging Motion
Part 1: Velocity and Acceleration Graphs
To find out
How and when objects accelerate
The meaning of acceleration, its magnitude and direction
The relationship between position, vel
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 1: Investigating MotionPosition and Velocity
Part 1: Position-Versus-Time Graphs of Your Motion
To find out
How you can measure your motion with a motion detector
How your motion looks as a position-versus-time graph
Ma
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 5: Modeling Motion in Two Dimensions
BACKGROUND
In this lab, you will videotape an object moving in two dimensions, and try to predict the
x- and y- position graphs of its motion. Then you will use VideoPoint to analyze
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 4: Modeling Motion in One Dimension
OVERVIEW
In physics, equations of motion (including the kinematic equations you have learned) are
mathematical models for motion. That is, they represent an idealized view of how
moti
Names _ Group # _ Date _
Experiment 3: Vector Forces
BACKGROUND
If forces are vectors, they should add like vectors. You are going to investigate this by
looking at situations where three forces are in equilibrium; that is, they will add up to a
net force
Name _
PHYSICS 151 FALL 2015 EXAM #3
Please write clearly. Show all your work. No credit will be given for answers without
work. Arrange work so that the sequence of steps is clear and it is clear what work
goes with which part of the problem. Write answe