1. The period of 1350-1550 in Italy is referred to as the renaissance. Renaissance is a French word
meaning rebirth. This era of history is referred to as renaissance as renaissance as it saw a
rebirth of many Greco-Roman ideas.
2. Jacob Burckhardt create
1. During the early to mid-1600s there was a witch scare. People would accuse others (usually
women) of being witches and would then proceed to torture a confession out of them and kill
2. The thirty year war was a war lasting from 1618-1648 startin
1. Gods handiwork is a phrase use to refer to the natural world. It is referred to as such as it was
made by God.
2. Natural philosophers were kind of like the scientists of the medieval age. They developed
philosophies on nature.
3. Alchemy is the practi
1. Christian Humanism was the application of humanists philosophies to Christianity. The main goal
of Christian humanists was the reformation of religion.
2. Desiderius Erasmus was a renowned Christian humanist who lived from 1466 to 1536. He wrote
1. Napoleon III was the emperor of France. He was a descendant of Napoleon I.
2. Baron Haussmann helped to renovate Paris. He expanded street widths, added plazas, squares,
3. France appointed Maximilian emperor of Mexico. He was remove by a
Arizona / US comparison Chart
First Great Awakening
Second Great Awakening
Civil War rages
Teddy Roosevelts trust busting
World War I (WWI) nears
Great Depression (New Deal)
Top 25 Ch. 20-21
war mobilization (N&S)
Confed. state rights
role of women
Top 25 Ch. 22-25
Civil War Amendments
Compromise of 1877
Top 25 Chapters 7-10
1. Navigation Acts
2. Stamp Act
3. Declaratory Act
4. Boston Massacre
5. Boston Tea Party
6. First Continental Congress
7. American Revolution
8. Ben Franklin
9. Alexander Hamilton
Top 25 Chapters
1. Marbury v.
2. Louisiana Purchase
3. Embargo Act +
4. War of 1812
7. John Marshall
8. Monroe Doctrine
9. Jacksonian Era
10. John C. Calhoun
12. Trail of Tears
Primary Source Documents - 1820-1860
A. From My Bondage and My Freedom, Fredrick Douglass after his trip abroad, 1855
Eleven days and a half gone and I have crossed three thousand miles of the perilous deep. Instead of a
democratic government, I am under
U.S. History Semester Exam
Book chapter 1
1 Columbian Exchange
4 Encomienda system
6 Pops Rebellion (Pueblo
Book chapter 2 1 Spanish Armada
3 House of Burgesses
1. Prester John was supposedly ruler of a Christian kingdom in Africa. He was subject of many
fantastical stories told during the late 15th century.
2. The Travels of John Mandeville was a book written by John Mandeville describing his travels.
1. Enlightened absolutism is when you have an absolute leader who is enlightened. Supposedly
this makes absolutism ok, in some peoples minds.
2. Lois XV was king of France. He was a weak leader who basically let his mistress run his affairs.
3. Cardinal F
1. The congress of Vienna was an effort by the enemies of France to restore legitimacy and keep
the peace. The congress was dominated Klemens von Metternich.
2. Klemens von Metternich was prince of Austria. He believed in legitimacy and was a large
1. The students at the University of Nanterre held a protest in 1968. It soon spread to the
University of Paris.
2. The permissive society came to being after WWI. It allowed for more sexual freedom and drug
3. The birth control was developed in this
1. Aryan is a race, it includes Germans. Nazi Germany believed Aryans were superior.
2. Lebensraum is German for living space. It refers to the German idea that they must conquer
more territory to make room for the Aryans.
3. diplomatic revolution refers
1. With the brutality of WWI many countries erected monuments. With all the unknown dead
many also had monuments to the Unknown Soldier.
2. The league of nations was created in the aftermath of WWI. They mostly just talked about stuff
and didnt do a whole
1. Max Planck discovered that energy radiates off in waves. These waves are called quanta.
2. Albert Einstein was a physicist. He discovered that energy is equal to mass times the speed of
3. Friedrich Nietzsche was an intellectual. He believed tha
1. There were two main superpowers in the cold war. They were the US and the USSR.
2. The Truman Doctrine was a doctrine put in place by Truman. It stated that we would stop the
spread of communism.
3. The Marshall plan was a US plan. It gave financial re
1. No mans land was the term for land that was not disputed by the warring nations. This was
were fighting took place and it was very dangerous.
2. The black hand was a secret society devoted to Serbian unification. It was responsible for the
1. New work patterns led to the weekend being a time of leisure. This meant people went to
amusement parks, played sports, etc.
2. Coney Island was an amusement park in New York. Blackpool was an amusement park in
3. With new forms of transportat
1. Gallagher sees technology as impeding our vacation. He admits however that it allow us to stay
Goetzman sees technology as opening up new possibilities and allowing things to be more easily
2. They both agree that technology can
1. July 14, 1789 was the date when a Parisian mob stormed the Bastile. This was common of the
many uprisings against monarchs of the time.
2. The Bastille is an armory/prison that was stormed on July 14 th 1789. This storming was more of a
symbol of disco
1. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher. He lived during the enlightenment.
2. Reason was a commonly used word during the enlightenment. It was used to mean the
application of scientific method to life.
3. Fontenelle wrote a book called Plurality of Wor
Directions: This question is based on the accompanying documents. The documents have been
edited for the purpose of this exercise. You are advised to spend 15 minutes reading and planning
and 40 minutes writing your answer.
Write your responses on the lin