GCU section 1 note cards
marlee sharp Sat Oct 05 17:56:57 CDT 2013
What is geography?
The science of location.
Why is Geography important?
People are affected by events in other locations.
Understanding the geographic linkages between events, places, and
*GCU section 16
Mon Dec 09 14:16:13 CST 2013
Clustering of Production of Goods and Services in Major Industrial Regions.
Clustering of Specific Industries in Particular Industrial Centers
nMany economic regions have specialized industrial ac
GCU Section 11 stating at slide 90
Tue Oct 29 20:25:53 CDT 2013
Early Industrial Capitalism 1840-1885
Steam and Iron Rail 1830-1870
2. Get a better geography
a. Stitch the country together
b. Move people into cities: Huge r
Tue Dec 03 19:32:58 CST 2013
The Population Density Gradient Exponential Model
population Density Gradient
First major study of this by Colin Clark (1951) Urban Population Densities Journal of the Royal
*GCU section 15
marlee sharp Mon Dec 09 12:42:19 CST 2013
4 Essential Mathematical properties in the distribution of city sizes.
1. Zipf and the Rank-size Rule. 2. Different Size Distributions. 3. Primate Cities. 4. Crosssectional and Longitudinal Studies
GCU section 8 cards
marlee sharp Tue Oct 01 21:12:41 CDT 2013
Industrialization in victorian city (1800- 1914)
Hand labor machines workshops factories more powerful sources of power larger array
of products regimented (guild) larger,
replaceable labor fo
GCU topic 9
In Development of the
American Urban System
Part I: The Regional Economies
we study what 2 Eras?
Frontier Mercantile Pre 1840
(New England Economy)
Economy based largely on?
GCU topic 10
marlee sharp Mon Nov 11 13:27:52 CST 2013
Frontier Mercantile II
Towns and Cities
1. The Urban System: Development (and Connections) of Towns and Cities
2. Internal Structure of Cities: Urban Morphology and Functional Zonation
GCU Section 20
marlee sharp Tue Dec 10 15:11:15 CST 2013
Historical Urban Transportation and Development Eras
These are NOT mutually exclusive
The Omnibuses and Early Railroads (1830
The Horsecar Era (18601895): First streetcars
GCU section 4 Rome
marlee sharp Mon Oct 07 12:19:03 CDT 2013
The success of the Romans in inducing other peoples to.
the process was from -century to the- century.
adopt their language and culture is one of the momentous achievements of European history.
GCU section 3 greeks
marlee sharp Mon Oct 07 10:49:15 CDT 2013
Classical Greek Cities
500 300 B.C.
Starts with victory over invading Persians, ends with defeat by invading Macedonians.
Internal conflict between city-states in the interim.
*GCU Section 14
marlee sharp Mon Dec 09 11:31:36 CST 2013
Metropolitan Definition Step 1,2 and 3.
Step 1 Identify Urbanized Core based on Population Size
Requirement . Usually a city or collection of cities
Step 2 Add the rest of the county in which the
*GCU unit 18
marlee sharp Tue Nov 19 20:48:34 CST 2013
Forces that create urban centers and describe the economic forces that pull economic activity
External Economies of Scale
Circular and Cumulative Causation
Costs savings o
GCU unit 17
marlee sharp Tue Nov 19 19:55:45 CST 2013
Types of Scale Economies
Internal Economies of Scale
External Economies of Scale
Internal Economies of Scale.
The following are interchangeable:
Internal Economies of Scale Increasing Returns to Scale
GCU Section 12
marlee sharp Tue Oct 29 20:52:50 CDT 2013
3 Major Technological Forces
1.Transportation Revolution Railroads
2.Continuous Production Process Technology Mass Production
3.Science Developed and Harnessed: chemical industry with chemistry, an
GCU section 5 medieval towns
Mon Oct 07 15:41:00 CDT 2013
*The High Middle Ages
represent one of the most creative periods in the history of Western society. Advances were made
in the evolution of strong government and urban life, economic development, ar
GCU sec 7 note cards
Tue Sep 24 21:45:45 CDT 2013
The Industrial Revolution (IR) hist.
The Industrial Revolution, which began in England around 1700, transformed the modern world in
a short period of time. In pre-industrial times, cities became important