Review for Exam 1. Know the answer to these questions.
1. What are the two goals of scientific anthropology?
Accurate description of the range of variation, and explanation through testing
hypotheses for observed patterns
2. What are the four su
Guide to In Small Things Forgotten # 1
1. What types of data and evidence do archaeologists use to understand early Colonial
American life? How are written records used? How are material objects studied?
14. What is the difference between absolute dating and relative/associative dating?
1. How does childhood growth and age of sexual maturity differ between chimps and humans?
Absolute fossil material is dated using physical and chemical rates
Archeological record is filled with societies that have collapsed due to their
interaction with the environments
-belongs to Chile
-in the middle of pacific ocean
-2,200 miles from south America
-1,300 miles from closest Polynesian island
ASB 222: Buried Cities and Lost Tribes
Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Letters and Sciences
Arizona State University at the Polytechnic
August 23-December 11, 2012
Module 4 Lecture notes
Lecture 1: Hopewell, Ohio
2200-1500 B.P. (200 B.C.- 450 A.D.)
Communal ceremonial centers
o Distant raw materials
o Elaborate material culture
-Hopewell was not first to make
Lecture 1: Smith, M: States and Urban Revolution
Life before the Urban Revolution: The average human being enjoyed
economic freedoms. Men decided for themselves how long they would work,
what they would work on or if they work at all. Woman also
Buried cities and lost tribes:
-Thomas Jefferson was first American archaeologist
-Man made mounds in west Virginia, dug trenches across a mound, he was
excavating for a specific purpose: These mounds were actually burials.
Asu is built on top of and ancient Hohokam village
Hohokam large scale irrigation
A ton of canals to help the irrigation
Large scale irrigation implies the hohokam were:
Organization of Prod
Adena and Hopewell burials in Ohio often have a rich variety of goods
What is a state?
Theories of origin
Life in Sumerian civilization (how they lived)
Childs 10 Characteristics
Module 3 Lecture notes
Lecture 1: Barton, M. WHAT IT MEANS TO FARM
We take farming for granted as- normal for humans, uniquely human/ but not
-Independently invented in multiple places
-only appears in the Holocene
What it means to farm= an ecolo
Module 6: Were past societies sustainable?
Lecture 1: Smith, M. The Maya: Jungle Living
Classic-period Maya society:
Classic Period: AD 100-900
Lowland jungle setting
The earliest archaeologists found pyramids and stone monuments
House mounds scattere
Key Terms for Module 7: Archaeology Today
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA)
Relationship between Native Americans and Archaeologists/Museums
Claims on owning the past-Who and What is the justification?
Morality and th
ASB 222-online, Assignment 1
Date: Jan 14, 2017
What is the activity? (1 point)
Children playing together
Where did your observation take place, and what was the space like (open, public, private,
etc.)? (2 points)
On the living room
Module 7 Lecture Notes
Lecture 1: Kintigh, K. Descendant communities
Who owns the Past?
At least three groups make claims
o What are the groups
o What is the basis of these claims?
1. Archaeologists- a public good. Non-renewable resource. Needs to be
Lecture 1. Marean, C
Our species originated in Africa- 200,000-100,000 years ago
The scientific study of human origins
Archaeology contribution- study the material record created by tools
abd discarded food remains
Lecture 1. Smith, M
High Altitude- Cold
Use of animals/plants single most important development
Urban Revolution: Term for development for the first state level socialites, kings, cit
Describe the age, size, and complexity of the city
Describe original state of ruins and how long archaeologists have
been working there
Describe ASUs work and how pyramids are excavated
Discuss evidence about who built the city
PPNB (8750 - 6250 BCE)
Deforestation and abandonment in Levant
Younger Dryas (10800 - 9500 BCE)
Cooling and decreased snow inn Greenland
Cooling in tropical Cariaco Basin
Warming in Antarctica
Glacial meltwater in ST. Lawrence
Chaco Canyon is
just north if the Mimbres Valley and stretches as far north a the four corners of
Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado
Uneven division of great houses, heavy on the north side
The Phenomenon (neat stuff)
Pueblo Bonito (AD
ASB 222: Buried Cities and Lost Tribes
Study Guide Exam #3
The third exam will take place Monday, Nov. 7 from 12:15-1:30pm.
You will take it on Blackboard and have one hour to complete the exam.
There will be 29 multiple choice questions, 10 true/false, a
It is hardly to be supposed that infants, children, and women would
have any practical use in life for an atlatl (William Webb 1946)
Whats he assuming?
A form of reasoning where the identity of unknown things is inferred
from those that ar
Lecture Notes 4th series
-All modern states have literate people
-Vanished states also leave very visible imprints on the archaeological record
-have over 50,000 people
-modern state societies have over 1,000,000 people
Guide to In Small Things Forgotten # 2
What relative dating method is tested using gravestone data in this chapter?
What makes gravestones so useful for testing ideas about changes in material culture over
time? There are three major variables
1. Describe the challenge the river created for the archaeologists working at Fort St.
The river would overflow due to heavy rainfall making it hard for the archaeologists
to work and excavate finds.
2. What potential benefit the river may have ha
Ying Zhen (260-210 BC)-first emperor of Quin (china)
-Began the construction of the great wall of china
-placed in tomb (later looted)
-tomb was forgotten bc looked like a natural feature
-tomb has 800 life size terra-cotta soldiers (many chariot
1. Describe the challenge the river created for the archaeologists
working at Fort St. Joseph.
a. The river was constantly flooding
2. What potential benefit the river may have had for the site
of Fort St. Joseph?
a. easy access to