Peoples and Cultures of Africa
Study Guide 1
260 Africa: African Cultures and Societies Before 1885
their social status, with the oba or, as the case may be, the queen mother, being
the most dominant.
When the British invaders descended upon Benin, they found shrines and an
cestral altars which were
Patrick R. McNaughton and
1. Cited in Max Gluckman's introduction to The Allocation of Responsibility (Manchester:
Manchester University Press, 1972), p. xvi.
2. Mary Douglas, Purity and Danger (Lo
The Duai Mandate in British
Methods of Ruling Native Races
Frederick D. Lugard
If continuity and decentralisation are, as l have
said, the rst and most important conditions
in maintaining an effective administration,
The scramble and partition of Africa
Up to 1880 limited
activities of European
1880 and 1900
Extension of European
Reasons for the scramble and partition of Africa:
The need for new markets for su
Africa before 1900
The questions posed by this topic
Which European nations were involved in Africa?
When and Why did they come to Africa?
What was the nature of their activities before the last
quarter of the 19th century?
Why did they so actively an
In this lecture, the term African music will
encompass music and dance.
It is not possible to generalize about African
music because Africa is culturally diverse.
Dance, music, and story-telling are among the ancient
art forms that have f