GRK223 Notes 12/3/2013
The use of myth in Greek philosophy:
Plato most famous character is Socrates
Plat is Socrates student and his writings show that Socrates is
the main character, though he was not actually in them.
Protagoras is a travelling speaking
GRK223 Notes 10/24/2013
Psychoanalytic interpretation of myth Myth have their origin
somewhere deep inside the human subconscious so they can be seen
as expressions desires and fears.
Myth is symbolizing the ideas and desires that are not sociably
GRK223 Notes 10/22/2013
Rituals are smaller sections of religions that are actually part of the
religion. The rituals dont represent the entire religion, it is simply a way
of practicing or expressing religion.
Rituals dont always represent the myths full
GRK223 Notes 10/17/2013
Interpreting myth is basically religion.
Myths tell us whatever religion the people telling the myth
What myth does to make it more than religion it adds human like
emotions to the gods.
GRK223 Notes 10/10/2013
Greek conceptions of death:
Hades (the unseen) or Plutos (wealthy) is the god of the dead.
Zeus Chthonios (zues of the underworld) is another name of his.
His wife is Persephone (Daughter of Demeter and Zeus)
The underworld to the
GRK223 Notes 11/12/2013
Jason and the Golden Fleece
- Oldest epic poem.
o In the Iliad Eunaeus is a character and hes a son of Jason.
o Odyssey Once your comrads have road with you beyond
the sirens, I cannot advise you of the best path to take, I can
GRK223 Notes 8/27/2013
HesiodFarmer, Successful poet- Theogony is one of his works that really survived.
- People of this time may have wanted a poem like this that
reflects this culture for such reasons as: entertainment,
education, or even reflections a
GRK223 Notes 11/14/2013
Jason and the Golden Fleece
They come to the territory of the king, Amycus. He likes to challenge
travelers to combat. Its not Jason who fights Amycus but Pollux. Pollux
wins and the Argonauts move on.
Their 6th stop is at Salmydes
GRK223 Notes 11/5/2013
Feminism in the US equal opportunity among women and men.
Feminism in theory deeper than the American view.
Psychoanalysis major challenge in a boys life is striving for his
mothers affections over his father. Resolves when he gets
GRK223 Notes 9/26/2013
Nostoi a story of coming home.
Athena gets mad at the Greeks due to the Trojan War, shes mad at
Odysseus as well.
The first four books (of the Odyssey) are written not of Odysseus
but his son Telemachus.
GRK223 Notes 10/8/2013
Myth is a kind of science
Myth is assumed to explain how the gods control physical world rather
than how they behave among themselves
Myth of Venus and Adonis Much of the myth is left out, tyros theory
simply cannot cover the theory
GRK223 Notes 9/5/2013
Hephestice: God of workmanship,
Roman name: Vulcan (God of volcanoes)
He has a bad leg:
1st idea: Hera is jealous of the fact that Zeus gave birth
to Athena by himself. So she tries to have a child on her
GRK223 Notes 9/3/2013
Older generation of the gods: Zeus, Hades (Not really), Poseidon
Hades is not an Olympian because he doesnt live on Olympus.
Bronze Age Mycenaean Age 1600-1200BC is when most Olympian
gods were worshipped
Mycenaean palaces control ar
GRK223 Notes 8/29/2013
Enuma Elish In or before 18th centuryBC. (1800-1100BC)
Kumarbi Product of the Hittites empire. In North East Trukey. 16001200BC. Extencive library system.
Genesis History of the world. Oral tale until 550BC.
Ovid 1st century AD. He
GRK223 Notes 9/10/2013
Hestia- Goddess of the Hearth
Roman name: Yesta
Every home has a hearth (circular fire pit in the living room)
She is also by extension the goddess of household/family
Virgin goddess tends the sacred fire of the Olympic gods
GRK223 Notes 9/12/2013
Daughters of Zeus: Aphrodite, Athena,
Aphrodite: Goddess of love, beauty, sexual attraction
Roman name: Venus
Birth: 1. Daughter of Zeus and Dione.
2. Born from the sea foam. (Uranus genitals)
In art she is usually nude, or wearing
GRK223 Notes 9/19/2013
National hero: some kind of founding figure in a city or country.
Theseus is a national hero of the city Athens
Theseus is less of a myth compared to a historical figure.
His stories usually include Athenian propaganda compared to
GRK223 Notes 9/24/2013
Homer wrote both the Iliad and the odyssey.
They are both epic poems: epic poems always focus on the exploits of
the hero. Such as Odysseus. The main concern of the heroes is to
achieve Kleos (Fame or glory) The travesty of the epic
GRK223 Notes 9/10/2013
Heroes are descendants of gods.
Order of heroes
Heracles/Theseus/Argonauts Trojan War
Heracles most important of Greek heroes
He has a specific relationship with the underworld and often
seems to serve as a bridge between nature and
GRK223 Notes 11/19/2013
Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is admirable,
complete, and possesses magnitude; in language made
pleasurable, each of its species separated in different parts;
performed by actors, not through narration; effecting throug
Lars von Trier does an amazing job of depicting the events of Jason and Medea. The screen write
tells the tale after Medea kills the king of which Jason will inherit the throne and they are exiled. Trier
interprets the myth with the idea that Me
5 December 2013
Vertumnus and Pomona
The Latin epic Metamorphosis is a tale of many great deeds, adventurous journeys, and
tragic scenarios all encompassed in 15 books. This boundless chronicle e
GRK/LAT/SLC 223: Greek and Roman Mythology
Final Paper Guidelines
The final paper for this course consists of a report on a myth or mythical figure not covered
extensively in class. After the midterm, topics will be assigned randomly (see the list of topi
The Movie explains the myth after Medea kills Pelias. In Triers interpretation
Medea is the victim, while Jason is the one to blame. When Creon and Medea talk
about her having to leave it supports that she has done nothing wrong. She doesnt
A hero is someone who is looked up to and idolized for their actions and qualities along
with their demonstration of courage, outstanding achievements, and noble qualities. A person in
todays society that can be considered a hero would be Bill G
Through reading The choice of Heracles from the Xenophon I can concur that Heracles has chosen the
path of virtue for his life. I believe he chose this based on the myths he is associated with. A prime
example of this is the myth: The labors of