Lecture Notes 10: Correlation of Low-Self Esteem
Objective 26: Give two alternative explanations for the positive correlation between low selfesteem and personal problems.
Self-esteem ones feelings of high or low self-worth.
One theory states that a high
Lecture Notes 8: Trait of Expressiveness
Objective 19: Explain why psychologists are interested in the consistency of the trait of
Expressive styles can represent/demonstrate persistent behavior traits.
There is little voluntary control ov
Lecture Notes 9: Attributable Style
Objective 22: Discuss the link between performance and optimistic pessimistic attributional
style, and contrast positive psychology with humanistic psychology.
Performance increases with optimism.
Lecture Notes 7: Personality Inventories
Objective 16: Explain how psychologists use personality inventories to assess traits, and discuss
the most widely used personality inventory.
Personality inventory a questionnaire (often with true-false or agree-di
Lecture Notes 4: Assess Personality
Objective 8: Describe two projective tests used to assess personality, and discuss some criticism
Projective test a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous
stimuli designed to tr
Lecture Notes 2: Personality Structure
Objective 4: Describe Freuds view of personality structure, and discuss the interactions of the
id, ego, and superego.
ID contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to
Lecture Notes 5: Self-Actualization
Objective 10: Summarize Abraham Maslows concept of self-actualization, and explain how his
ideas illustrate the humanistic perspective.
Humanistic psychologists focus on healthy ways people strive for self-realization a
Lecture Notes 3: Defense Mechanisms
Objective 6: Describe the function of defense mechanisms, and identify six of them.
Defense mechanism in psychoanalytic theory, the egos protective methods of reducing
anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality.
Lecture Notes 1: Personality
Objective 1: Define personality.
Personality an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Sigmund Freuds psychoanalytic theory stated that childhood sexuality and unconscious
motivations influence pe