CHAPTER 09: Political Parties
1. A political party is an organization
a. that influences the government through fund-raising.
b. established by the Constitution to nominate candidates.
c. that tries to influence the government by getting i
CHAPTER 10: Campaigns and Elections
1. National elections are held in the United States the first Tuesday of November _ year(s).
d. every four
b. every other
e. every five
c. every three
REF: Elections in Americ
37.Early presidential primaries and caucuses are more important because they
a. allocate more than 85 percent of all delegates in the nomination process.
b. encourage more candidates to run for the nomination in later primaries and caucuses.
25.Why is it important for interest groups to offer selective benefits?
a. It is necessary to limit the extent of the free-rider problem.
b. If they do not, people will join political parties instead.
c. Selective benefits are the only way to measure the
CHAPTER 11: Groups and Interests
1. Grandparents, tall people, and undergraduates are all examples of _.
a. political parties
d. potential interest groups
b. pluralist interest groups
e. public interest groups
c. political action committee
45.The jurisdiction of standing committees
a. is related to a specific geographic region.
b. is defined by the subject matter of legislation, which often parallels the major cabinet
departments or agencies.
c. is determined by the different political part
64.Which of the following statements about campaign spending in Senate elections is true?
a. Incumbents generally spend less money than challengers in Senate campaigns.
b. Incumbents and challengers generally spend the same amount of money in Senate
a. an attempt by an individual or group to influence the passage of legislation by exerting
indirect pressure, through advertisements and media coverage, on members of Congress or
a state legislature.
b. an attempt by an individual or group
23.What did the Supreme Court justices declare in Miller v. Johnson (1995)?
a. Districts could not be drawn to favor the incumbent candidate.
b. The racial composition of a district could not be the predominant factor when redistricting.
c. Incumbents cou
79.Politicians attempt to balance the ticket with members of many important groups because
a. interest groups frequently engage in direct lobbying to enhance diversity in campaigns.
b. affirmative action legislation from the 1960s requires proportional re
73.Issues such as the environment, health care, retirement benefits, and taxation are on the political agenda in the
United States because
a. these are the only issues that are important to all Americans.
b. these are the only problems that have yet to be
CHAPTER 12: Congress
1. A U.S. senator has a _-year term.
REF: Congress: Representing the American People
OBJ: Describe who serves in Congress and how they represent their constituents
62. How can interest groups use litigation as a strategy of influence?
a. filing amicus curiae briefs, financing lawsuits, and bringing a suit on behalf of the group
b. directly lobbying judges, using direct-mail solicitations, and making campaign
CHAPTER 13: The Presidency
1. The office of the presidency was established by Article _ of the Constitution.
REF: Establishing the Presidency
OBJ: Explain the role of the president in the Ame
32._ referred to himself as a compassionate conservative in 2000.
a. John McCain
d. Bob Dole
b. Al Gore
e. Bill Clinton
c. George W. Bush
REF: Parties in Government
OBJ: Explain how parties organize legislative business and influence po
77. When are the presidents partisan ties most important?
a. in winning support from public opinion
b. in raising campaign funds
c. in dealing with Congress on legislative matters
d. in making executive appointments
e. in negotiating treaties and executiv
29.The presidents power to set the debate concerning public policy in Congress is called a(n) _.
a. executive mandate
d. executive order
b. executive privilege
e. presidential prerogative
c. legislative initiative
REF: The Constitutiona
CHAPTER 15: The Federal Courts
1. What did the framers call the least dangerous branch?
a. the Senate
d. the president
b. the Supreme Court
e. the bureaucracy
c. the system of state courts
REF: The Legal System
17.The right of due process is best described as the right of
a. everyone to appeal his trial.
b. every citizen to vote.
c. every person not to be treated arbitrarily by a government official or agency.
d. every person to be a lawyer.
e. every person to s
48.Historically, realignments occur
a. when new issues combine with economic or political crises to mobilize new voters and
persuade large numbers of voters to reexamine their traditional partisan loyalties.
b. approximately every 10 years.
c. when Congre
17.Why do many businesses prefer Congress to regulate the economy?
a. Regulations are more cost-effective in the long run.
b. One national regulation is better than the inconsistencies and disparities of different state
c. Businesses argue that regu
34.In recent years, federal court appointments have
a. been characterized by strict neutrality on the part of Congress.
b. attracted very little attention from the media and special interest groups.
c. been characterized by intense partisan and ideologica
13.What is an independent agency?
a. an executive branch organization that is part of a cabinet
b. an executive branch organization that is very much like a government corporation
c. an executive branch organization that is established by Congress
d. an e
62.The _ is determined by the amount by which government spending exceeds government revenue in a
a. budget deficit
d. reserve requirement
b. inflation rate
e. gross national product
c. gross domestic product
REF: The Tools
74.Alexis de Tocqueville argued that the proliferation of groups promoted _.
a. tyranny of the majority
d. assimilation of immigrants
b. undemocratic elitism
e. economic equality
c. governmental responsiveness
REF: Interest Group Strate
50.What did the justices rule in Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action (2014)?
a. A Michigan ballot initiative that resulted in a ban on racial preferences in college
admissions was constitutional.
b. A Nebraska ballot initiative that resulte
69.One drawback of devolution is that
a. the standards associated with particular programs become increasingly rigid and hard to
b. the standards associated with particular programs become increasingly variable between
c. Congress is remo
34.Which of the following is the best description of an iron triangle?
a. the stable relationship between a bureaucratic agency, a clientele group, and a legislative
b. the inability to reform federal rules without help from the House of Represe
CHAPTER 14: Bureaucracy in a Democracy
1. _ is when bureaucrats attempt to translate laws into specific rules and actions.
e. Rule making
REF: Bureaucracy and
61. Me too Republicanism refers to
a. the tendency of Republican politicians during the New Deal to support popular programs
such as Social Security rather than advocate alternative policies.
b. the tendency of southern Republican politicians after the Ci