Inequality is the unequal distribution
of benefits in society, such as power,
privilege, wealth, income, life chances.
Should we demand greater equality in
Are there some areas where greater
equality should exist?
Types of Capital
What do the Nacirema Teach Us?
See the familiar as peculiar.
Look at our culture in a new way, as an
Seek out patterns in society, they reveal
hidden information about the culture.
A caution against ethnocentrism (judging
others by your cult
The Sociological Imagination
The sociological imagination the ability to
see the impact of cultural and historical
processes on our private lives.
The sociological imagination allows us to
recognize that the solutions to many of our
most serious social
Rather than centering around production of
material goods, economies now center around
information and service industries
Accelerating pace of social change
Women and Men
Socially constructed roles become superior to all
other roles (Master Status).
Sex: the biological female or male genitalia (note
that ambiguous genitalia usually corrected)
Gender: The social norms and attributes associated
Culture must be learned.
Each generation has to be trained in the
cultural ways of society.
This process recreates cultural patterns over
We call this process socialization.
There can be no society whi
Social structures designed to meet the
production and distribution functions
Simple forms of society had simple economic
As societies grew in size the complexity of the
economic institution increases
Today it has grown
What Is Education?
Education is the process through which
academic, social, and cultural ideas and tools
Unfortunately, not all students emerge
successfully from this system.
Learning to Learn or Learning to Labor?
Functions of Schoolin
Deviance is the behavior (how people act),
ideas (how people think) or attributes (how
people appear) of an individual or group that
some, but not all, people in society find
offensive, wrong, immoral, evil, or strange.
Sociologists dont judg
Science is a set of techniques designed to
minimize human bias.
Seeking true information about some
phenomena is difficult.
In the information flood of the digital age
makes it much more difficult to assess
How do yo
15FA - SOCY-101 - 013W - Intro to Sociology
Chapter 9: Global Inequality Test
10/17/15 7:01 PM
10/17/15 7:36 PM
10/17/15 10:33 PM
80 out of 100 points
The government in which a king or queen continues to exercise some
governmental authority, if only symbolically, but is limited by a constitution
that vests authority in the elected representatives of the citizens is a:
1 out of 1 points
Human capital theorists reason that women choose occupations that are
easy to move in and out of while still providing a decent income because
have primary allegiance to home and family