Chapter 6; The Social Contract Theory
Hobbess Argument (17th century leviathan 1651)
o Morality should be understood as the solution to a practical problem that arises for self-interested
State of Nature if each of us was free to do as we
Chapter One; What is Morality
Moral Philosophy is the study of what morality is and what it requires of us; there are many rival theories
regarding moral philosophy
o What reasons, or arguments, can be given on each side
o An argument is true if its assum
Rachels Chapter 2 Quiz
Rachels says that in the early 20th century, infanticide among Eskimos was
Rachels says that according to Cultural Relativism, there is no such think as a
universal truth in ethics. T
Rachels believes that the Cultural
Study Questions on Dostoevsky, Rousseau, and De Beauvoir
1) What is Ivan Karamazovs view of life? Why live? Does life make sense?
How does Ivan pose the problem of evil? What answers to that problem
does he reject and why? Does Ivan accept the Christian d
Review Questions on Plato & ML King
1) Present each of Euthyphros definition of piety and each of Socrates
i. What is dear to the gods
ii. The same things are considered just by some gods and unjust
by others, so it would be pious and impi
Review Question on Epictetus, The Skeptic, and Augustine
1) How do we divide things?
a. Externals: what we cant control; (our bodies, possessions,
reputations, public offices); they are weak, enslaved, hindered; if you
think you can control what you cant,
Questions on Being Mortal
What does it mean to be mortal?
a. The idea of death is with us all of the time, which makes us mortal.
Only humans can be murdered, this speaks to the gravity of the loss of
a human life.
Is death a loss? If so, w
1. Rachels 2 main points about the nature of morality?
Minimum conception of morality?
Moral judgments require reasons
Morality requires impartiality (no special treatment)
Minimum Conception of Morality: morality is to do what there
Exam 3 Review
1) Review the initial handout on Kants ethics. Explain the difference between a
hypothetical imperative and a (the) categorical imperative.
a. The hypothetical imperative tells us how we should act provided we
have certain desires or interes
Study Guide for Quiz over Units 4 and 5
NOT ALL of this material will be on the Quiz. But, everything on the quiz is below.
A. Matching, T/F, multiple choice
B. A few Short answer 2-3 sentences
C. 1 mini micro-essay 1 paragraph
Table 1. Records of Case Interviews
I dont know. Im not saying Im for it - because
its wrong but I dont think that fact is going to
stop me from buying clothes
The Study Guide for the Fist Exam
I. The key concepts/terms
Moral Theory (see Rachels' Ch.1, What is Morality)
The idea that each individuals interests are equally important
The study of what morality is and what it requires
Words Meanings (Chapter 3)
Animal- not all cultures have a word equivalent to animalit appears no where in the Bible
o 1. There is a strong emotional undercurrent to our ideas about animality
o 2. To subject these ideas to critical scrutiny exposes highly